Guide to Hong Kong Monetary, Banking and Financial Terms



Welcome to the Guide to Hong Kong Monetary, Banking and Financial Terms, which provides brief definitions of terms relevant to Hong Kong's monetary, banking and financial systems. The Guide is intended to serve as a reference tool for anyone with a professional or general interest in Hong Kong's financial system, and will continue to expand as time evolves. There are special links in some key terms to allow rapid cross-referencing to related materials both within the publication and the latest HKMA website content.

Notes For Users

This Guide includes the following terms:

  • General technical terms that have an important application to Hong Kong's monetary, banking and financial systems; and
  • Specific terms that have a distinct meaning within Hong Kong's monetary, banking and financial systems.

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  • International Monetary Fund Article IV Consultation

    Under Article IV of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the IMF holds bilateral discussions with member economies, usually every year. A staff team visits the economy, collects economic and financial information, and discusses with officials about the economy's economic developments and policies. On return to headquarters, the staff team prepares a report, which forms the basis for discussion by the Executive Board. At the conclusion of the discussion, the Managing Director, as Chairman of the Board, summarises the view of Directors, and this summary is transmitted to the economy's authorities. The HKMA co-ordinates the Consultation on Hong Kong, that takes place in the fourth quarter each year. Hong Kong also participates in the IMF pilot project for the voluntary release of the Article IV Staff Report, the first of which was published in March 2000.

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Last revision date : 23 October 2019