Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 18 Jan 2022

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 720,472 675,694 5.4 7.6 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 461,895 469,258 7.1 7.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 87,299 82,989 4.3 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 127,298 127,736 10.8 23.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 17,854 8,973 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 1,312,408 1,193,897 14.2 20.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 134,541 115,880 4.2 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 1,312,014 1,225,567 16.8 21.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 108,809 97,472 4.5 10.6 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 510 573 -6.7 -4.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 7,672 7,393 7.8 5.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 9,071 8,322 3.6 6.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 25,981 25,675 0.6 -0.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 641,133 600,977 5.3 6.6 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 135,309 110,652 8.0 15.5 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 14,198 13,071 46.8 16.8 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 26,295 21,972 20.3 19.6 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 25,896 22,615 2.3 2.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 155,172 155,845 3.2 6.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 64,963 62,810 2.6 2.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 140,878 138,496 4.2 4.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 78,419 75,517 0.8 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q3/21 35,431 32,917 15.6 38.6 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 734,947 678,475 6.1 7.7 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 460,823 469,985 6.5 6.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 89,511 84,724 5.1 3.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 127,205 123,985 11.4 22.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 19,676 9,806 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 1,380,072 1,250,808 20.1 26.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 154,144 126,351 22.2 17.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 1,375,846 1,280,932 23.2 26.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/21 120,638 106,252 18.7 24.6 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/21 106.3 102.4 7.8 5.6 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q4/21 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Nov/21 106.9 107.5 4.2 9.4 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Oct/21-Dec/21 3,681 3,673 1.4 1.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Oct/21-Dec/21 3.9 4.1 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q3/21 162.4 161.6 1.1 1.1 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Nov/21 102.2 102.0 1.8 1.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/21 111.0 114.9 -0.9 2.7 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Nov/21 69,617 55,830 39.9 35.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Nov/21 23,641 51,938 -57.5 -29.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Nov/21 45,976 3,892 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Nov/21 -45,976 -3,892 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Nov/21 -46,017 -3,564 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Nov/21 41 -328 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Nov/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Nov/21 56,618 27,230 630.5 251.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Nov/21 114,248 111,288 69.0 76.4 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Nov/21 8,110,892 8,108,849 1.8 -10.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Nov/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Nov/21 7,786,137 7,771,014 5.6 -6.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Oct/21 2,541,854 2,550,427 -13.1 -7.6 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Dec/21 2,131,551 2,119,487 1.6 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Dec/21 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Dec/21 260,393 219,834 19.6 -10.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Dec/21 4,065,228 4,086,690 1.4 3.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Dec/21 504 3,710 35.8 756.8 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Dec/21 0.50 0.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Dec/21 0.15 0.10 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Dec/21 1.50 1.54 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Dec/21 23,398 23,475 -14.1 -10.9 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/21 1,496,484 1,387,184 22.9 26.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/21 1,534,216 1,377,159 20.3 25.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q3/21 63,792 84,160 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q3/21 -4,783 -4,973 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q3/21 -27,219 37,556 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q3/21 -37,207 -135,473 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Dec/21 496.8 499.4 1.0 2.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Nov/21 499.4 498.0 2.8 4.9 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Nov/21 474.4 418.3 25.0 21.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Nov/21 486.0 448.7 20.0 17.7 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q3/21 50,140,190 51,132,382 8.9 15.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/21 17,147,524 17,130,440 7.5 9.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/21 17,000,891 18,360,345 11.5 28.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/21 11,566,857 12,825,328 17.2 43.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/21 5,434,034 5,535,017 1.0 2.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/21 815,202 770,527 -2.8 -9.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/21 11,323,622 11,053,144 8.1 10.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q3/21 3,852,951 3,817,926 9.7 10.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q3/21 33,501,240 33,423,983 8.0 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/21 16,633,036 16,596,150 7.0 7.4 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/21 4,234,430 4,520,600 7.6 14.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/21 3,664,548 3,980,514 10.3 19.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/21 569,882 540,086 -7.1 -13.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/21 785,860 774,417 -6.0 -8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/21 11,847,914 11,532,816 10.5 10.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q3/21 16,638,950 17,708,399 10.9 31.0 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q3/21 14,619,091 14,232,778 9.2 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q3/21 37,746 37,640 95.9 94.4 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q3/21 1,631 1,681 -15.1 -9.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q3/21 8,925,707 8,605,202 10.7 9.4 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q3/21 3,452,713 3,428,379 6.4 7.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q3/21 2,201,294 2,159,876 6.9 8.3 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Dec/21 7.7980 7.8020 -0.6 -0.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Dec/21 7.7967 7.8007 -0.6 -0.6 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Dec/21 -12 -1 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Dec/21 -26 2 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA1/21 7,394,700 7,428,300 -1.2 -1.2 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds (equivalent to HK$56,618 million as at November 30, 2021) issued under the Government Green Bond Programme. They were denominated in US dollars (US$4,500 million with maturity from May 2024 to February 2051), euros (1,750 million euros with maturity from November 2026 to November 2041) and Renminbi (RMB5,000 million with maturity from November 2024 to November 2026). They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$168,621 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,800 million as at November 30, 2021) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$50,621 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$2,899 million were repaid upon maturity on December 17, 2021; bonds with nominal value of HK$12,919 million will mature within the period from January 2022 to November 2022 and the rest within the period from December 2022 to March 2036.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012 and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 18 January 2022