Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 13 Oct 2021

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 675,187 698,029 7.6 8.0 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 467,229 450,175 6.8 2.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 82,854 93,070 2.8 7.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 127,609 119,943 23.8 4.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 10,685 -4,904 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 1,190,572 1,165,389 20.2 30.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 115,381 135,977 2.6 -7.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 1,224,285 1,156,495 21.3 22.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 94,858 105,126 7.6 -12.0 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 573 528 -4.1 3.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 7,392 6,747 5.6 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 8,327 6,627 6.1 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 25,704 27,891 -0.4 -3.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 600,418 611,149 6.5 6.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 110,677 121,859 15.5 24.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 13,053 11,271 16.6 -6.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 21,959 27,322 19.5 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 22,692 24,986 2.5 3.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 155,547 153,342 6.0 7.4 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 62,631 68,974 2.0 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 138,348 126,420 4.0 2.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 75,512 76,976 0.7 0.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q2/21 32,883 36,095 38.5 46.9 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 676,183 702,948 7.3 7.2 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 467,267 450,967 5.7 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 84,453 95,595 2.7 6.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 123,771 117,321 22.1 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 11,380 -5,001 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 1,247,212 1,177,759 25.9 31.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 121,884 145,515 13.5 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 1,278,742 1,171,015 26.5 24.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q2/21 101,042 108,193 18.5 -7.4 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q2/21 102.4 93.5 5.6 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q3/21 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Aug/21 68.4 64.7 10.6 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Jun/21-Aug/21 3,652 3,650 0.3 0.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Jun/21-Aug/21 4.7 5.0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q2/21 161.6 177.0 1.1 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Aug/21 101.5 101.4 1.6 3.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q2/21 114.9 111.5 2.7 1.9 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Aug/21 29,508 33,717 37.9 -11.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Aug/21 48,254 60,430 -31.4 -46.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Aug/21 -18,747 -26,713 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Aug/21 18,747 26,713 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Aug/21 18,320 27,793 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Aug/21 427 -1,080 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Aug/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Aug/21 27,255 27,199 251.7 251.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Aug/21 104,715 99,878 84.8 88.1 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Aug/21 8,070,041 8,095,721 -3.0 1.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Aug/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Aug/21 7,752,084 7,744,300 -1.6 1.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Jul/21 2,621,273 2,597,654 -2.3 0.6 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Sep/21 2,117,769 2,114,472 11.7 16.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Sep/21 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Sep/21 230,493 234,811 -7.8 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Sep/21 4,044,656 4,061,641 9.1 10.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Sep/21 491 3,103 41.9 594.2 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Sep/21 0.50 0.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Sep/21 0.00 0.01 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Sep/21 1.36 1.14 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Sep/21 24,576 25,879 4.8 2.8 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q2/21 1,379,784 1,279,208 25.9 20.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q2/21 1,369,096 1,323,274 24.7 27.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q2/21 84,160 21,535 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q2/21 -4,973 -4,981 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q2/21 37,556 -8,216 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q2/21 -135,473 -81,043 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Sep/21 495.0 497.1 9.2 10.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Aug/21 497.1 494.8 10.5 9.9 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Aug/21 433.7 417.0 25.9 26.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Aug/21 460.0 451.9 28.1 26.1 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q2/21 51,132,382 49,447,356 16.5 16.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q2/21 17,130,440 16,687,284 10.6 8.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q2/21 18,360,345 17,573,190 28.3 36.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q2/21 12,825,328 12,129,026 43.4 53.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q2/21 5,535,017 5,444,164 3.1 10.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q2/21 770,527 704,860 -9.3 -24.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q2/21 11,053,144 10,661,900 13.1 7.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q2/21 3,817,926 3,820,122 10.5 12.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q2/21 33,423,983 32,628,828 9.9 7.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q2/21 16,596,150 16,180,933 9.0 6.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q2/21 4,520,600 4,586,577 14.9 22.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q2/21 3,980,514 4,018,795 19.4 29.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q2/21 540,086 567,781 -10.1 -14.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q2/21 774,417 694,766 -7.4 -21.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q2/21 11,532,816 11,166,552 10.5 6.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q2/21 17,708,399 16,818,528 31.7 38.8 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q2/21 14,232,778 13,809,621 9.5 5.5 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q2/21 37,640 37,790 92.4 39.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q2/21 1,681 1,921 -11.3 -13.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q2/21 8,605,202 8,364,453 10.1 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q2/21 3,428,379 3,330,169 7.3 7.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q2/21 2,159,876 2,075,287 10.2 7.7 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Sep/21 7.7890 7.7830 -0.5 -0.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Sep/21 7.7882 7.7821 -0.5 -0.4 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Sep/21 -18 -17 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Sep/21 -28 -25 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA1/21 7,394,700 7,428,300 -1.2 -1.2 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds of US$3,500 million (equivalent to HK$27,255 million as at August 31, 2021) including US$1,000 million and US$2,500 million issued under the Government Green Bond Programme in May 2019 and February 2021 respectively, which were denominated in US dollars with maturity from May 2024 to February 2051. They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$162,733 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,787 million as at August 31, 2021) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$50,733 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$14,837 million will mature within the period from September 2021 to August 2022 and the rest within the period from September 2022 to March 2036.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012 and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 13 October 2021