Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong



Date of last update: 21 Jan 2020

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 676,060 657,134 -2.9 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 441,975 479,615 -3.4 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 71,746 67,851 5.9 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 126,010 132,269 -16.3 -10.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 -1,309 -3,576 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 1,079,157 991,062 -7.1 -5.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 185,493 194,390 -13.8 -1.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 1,073,986 1,055,570 -11.2 -6.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 153,026 148,907 -4.0 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 410 474 -2.1 1.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 7,270 6,971 0.4 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 10,106 9,274 1.7 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 29,586 28,843 -4.6 -9.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 609,135 584,955 -1.7 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 138,726 119,212 -10.1 -3.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 18,376 20,240 -13.8 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 38,648 37,572 -2.2 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 24,624 21,827 6.1 6.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 128,133 128,219 3.5 3.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 68,017 66,934 0.2 1.6 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 124,595 125,661 1.8 3.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 68,015 65,287 0.8 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q3/19 20,827 27,379 -16.0 -7.9 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 722,831 698,044 -0.5 3.4 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 472,275 509,566 -0.3 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 77,808 73,487 10.7 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 134,833 139,360 -14.7 -8.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 -592 -3,414 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 1,113,208 1,025,024 -6.2 -4.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 193,221 203,474 -13.9 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 1,113,555 1,098,029 -10.0 -5.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/19 154,367 151,424 -4.2 -0.2 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/19 106.5 102.1 0.4 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q1/20 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Nov/19 72.6 72.9 -25.4 -26.4 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Oct/19-Dec/19 3,818 3,831 -1.3 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Oct/19-Dec/19 3.3 3.2 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q3/19 157.5 156.6 3.0 4.1 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Dec/19 111.4 111.1 2.9 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/19 107.9 110.5 1.4 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Nov/19 16,982 21,268 -71.5 -70.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Nov/19 42,730 45,340 3.0 4.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Nov/19 -25,748 -24,072 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Nov/19 25,748 24,072 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Nov/19 25,955 24,384 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Nov/19 -207 -312 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Nov/19 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Nov/19 7,828 7,838 421.9 422.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Nov/19 28,241 27,988 18.4 17.1 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Nov/19 7,480,962 7,483,793 3.1 2.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Nov/19 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Nov/19 7,235,561 7,226,495 7.1 7.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Oct/19 2,686,254 2,693,471 14.9 8.9 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Dec/19 1,662,350 1,653,830 1.8 2.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Dec/19 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Dec/19 253,216 259,270 -3.3 16.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Dec/19 3,617,319 3,579,016 3.7 3.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Dec/19 659 651 105.3 23.5 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Dec/19 2.49 2.00 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Dec/19 1.91 1.83 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Dec/19 1.80 1.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Dec/19 28,190 26,346 9.1 -0.6 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/19 1,267,922 1,249,453 -9.4 -4.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/19 1,306,429 1,228,498 -7.4 -3.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q3/19 41,274 61,019 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q3/19 -5,336 -5,113 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q3/19 59,846 -28,315 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q3/19 -163,599 -38,256 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Dec/19 441.3 434.2 3.9 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Nov/19 434.2 440.6 2.6 4.1 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Nov/19 359.3 348.5 -1.4 -9.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Nov/19 385.4 379.1 -5.8 -11.5 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q3/19 42,495,384 42,965,130 -1.0 -2.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/19 15,421,507 15,661,451 -5.2 -5.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/19 13,427,458 13,823,016 4.1 2.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/19 8,237,415 8,639,430 -1.8 -3.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/19 5,190,043 5,183,585 14.9 14.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/19 820,292 735,902 25.2 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/19 9,387,099 9,262,816 -3.8 -6.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q3/19 3,439,027 3,481,945 3.1 2.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q3/19 31,323,754 31,763,081 -4.8 -3.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/19 16,202,064 16,429,975 -7.8 -6.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/19 4,220,965 4,615,752 -5.8 4.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/19 3,490,336 3,897,522 -7.3 3.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/19 730,629 718,231 2.6 9.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/19 779,892 725,387 29.7 15.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/19 10,120,833 9,991,966 -1.1 -4.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q3/19 11,171,629 11,202,049 11.5 2.9 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q3/19 12,914,315 12,760,337 -0.8 -3.1 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q3/19 26,372 33,906 1.9 26.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q3/19 2,730 2,783 -30.5 -26.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q3/19 7,823,599 7,826,010 -2.5 -5.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q3/19 2,998,762 2,847,499 3.8 1.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q3/19 2,062,853 2,050,140 -0.3 -1.0 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Dec/19 7.7870 7.8280 0.6 -0.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Dec/19 7.7875 7.8277 0.6 -0.1 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Dec/19 51 53 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Dec/19 84 75 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA1/19 7,524,100 7,486,400 1.0 1.0 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the green bonds of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,828 million as at November 30, 2019) which were denominated in US dollars with maturity in May 2024. They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$100,141 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$2,000 million (equivalent to HK$15,656 million as at November 30, 2019) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$8,841 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$31,769 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,828 million as at November 30, 2019) will mature within the period from December 2019 to November 2020 and the rest within the period from December 2020 to March 2034.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the Special Concessionary Measures under the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012, and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. The December 2018 figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans. As reclassified loan data before December 2018 are not available, year-on-year growth rates of gross domestic credit to private sector is calculated based on the data without such reclassification.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 21 January 2020