Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong



Date of last update: 8 Apr 2020

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 699,616 673,762 -2.9 -2.8 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 473,730 440,905 -2.9 -3.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 72,889 71,802 6.0 5.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 124,572 126,499 -16.7 -15.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 3,349 -1,145 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 1,115,171 1,080,192 -2.7 -6.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 163,694 182,987 -24.7 -14.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 1,099,502 1,074,447 -7.3 -11.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 154,287 153,031 -4.9 -4.4 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 424 407 0.6 -2.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 7,003 7,271 -0.5 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 7,637 10,108 -1.2 1.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 31,112 30,524 -6.0 -3.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 637,200 606,845 -2.2 -1.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 152,818 138,220 -8.3 -10.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 17,730 18,791 -23.0 -13.8 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 38,329 38,193 -7.7 -2.2 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 24,726 24,565 2.9 5.5 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 137,758 126,652 2.7 3.3 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 71,683 66,791 0.0 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 125,185 125,627 2.5 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 68,970 68,006 0.8 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2017) dollars Q4/19 22,772 20,262 -1.8 -16.4 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 744,356 719,521 -1.2 -0.5 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 501,750 470,425 0.0 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 79,708 78,051 11.0 10.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 134,533 135,810 -15.3 -13.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 3,169 -694 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 1,154,476 1,114,279 -2.4 -5.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 171,093 189,973 -25.4 -15.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 1,140,500 1,114,117 -6.6 -9.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/19 159,873 154,206 -4.5 -5.3 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q4/19 102.6 106.6 -0.5 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q1/20 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Feb/20 54.2 92.3 -46.7 -23.1 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Dec/19-Feb/20 3,769 3,803 -2.5 -1.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Dec/19-Feb/20 3.7 3.4 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q4/19 163.0 157.5 2.4 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Feb/20 111.5 109.6 2.2 1.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q4/19 106.7 107.9 1.1 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Feb/20 67,385 124,528 94.2 37.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Feb/20 73,237 49,442 70.4 18.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Feb/20 -5,852 75,086 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Feb/20 5,852 -75,086 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Feb/20 5,612 -73,634 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Feb/20 240 -1,453 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Feb/20 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Feb/20 7,795 7,769 419.7 417.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Feb/20 29,441 29,224 21.5 21.5 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Feb/20 7,515,413 7,553,080 1.8 2.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Feb/20 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Feb/20 7,376,910 7,313,955 7.9 7.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Jan/20 2,699,776 2,806,610 6.9 8.2 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Feb/20 1,686,590 1,688,651 2.4 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Feb/20 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Feb/20 253,636 293,880 -12.8 -8.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Feb/20 3,652,684 3,642,180 2.1 2.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Feb/20 476 404 -35.1 -41.0 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Mar/20 1.65 2.00 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Mar/20 0.62 1.25 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Mar/20 0.72 1.04 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Mar/20 23,603 26,130 -18.8 -8.7 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/19 1,300,373 1,268,323 -6.4 -9.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/19 1,325,569 1,304,252 -6.1 -7.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q4/19 22,870 41,274 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q4/19 -5,273 -5,336 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q4/19 10,284 59,846 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q4/19 -81,942 -163,599 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Mar/20 437.5 445.7 -0.1 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Feb/20 445.7 445.7 2.6 3.1 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Feb/20 238.6 269.4 4.3 -22.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Feb/20 277.1 300.0 -0.1 -16.4 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q4/19 43,759,614 42,495,384 2.8 -1.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/19 15,597,546 15,421,507 -2.9 -5.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/19 14,251,993 13,427,458 14.2 4.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/19 9,094,864 8,237,415 16.4 -1.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/19 5,157,128 5,190,043 10.6 14.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/19 608,623 820,292 -3.6 25.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/19 9,862,543 9,387,099 -1.8 -3.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q4/19 3,438,908 3,439,027 3.4 3.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q4/19 31,587,933 31,323,754 -2.8 -4.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/19 16,173,072 16,202,064 -5.5 -7.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/19 4,443,341 4,220,965 5.3 -5.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/19 3,758,563 3,490,336 6.6 -7.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/19 684,777 730,629 -1.2 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/19 579,174 779,892 0.7 29.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/19 10,392,346 10,120,833 -1.8 -1.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q4/19 12,171,681 11,171,629 21.1 11.5 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q4/19 13,032,435 12,914,315 -1.8 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q4/19 25,851 26,372 -1.4 1.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q4/19 2,422 2,730 -31.6 -30.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q4/19 7,992,727 7,823,599 -3.8 -2.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q4/19 3,056,123 2,998,762 4.1 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q4/19 1,955,311 2,062,853 -2.2 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Mar/20 7.7550 7.7930 1.2 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Mar/20 7.7533 7.7964 1.2 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Mar/20 33 -13 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Mar/20 50 -5 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA2/19 7,500,700 7,507,400 0.2 0.8 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the green bonds of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,795 million as at February 29, 2020) which were denominated in US dollars with maturity in May 2024. They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$82,420 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$2,000 million (equivalent to HK$15,591 million as at February 29, 2020) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$8,820 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$12,363 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,795 million as at February 29, 2020) will mature within the period from March 2020 to February 2021 and the rest within the period from March 2021 to March 2034.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the Special Concessionary Measures under the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012, and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. The December 2018 figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans. As reclassified loan data before December 2018 are not available, year-on-year growth rates of gross domestic credit to private sector is calculated based on the data without such reclassification.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 08 April 2020