Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 5 Mar 2021

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 701,783 672,823 -3.0 -3.6 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 452,707 417,504 -7.2 -8.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 79,518 79,360 5.6 7.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 133,513 118,098 2.6 -10.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 18,815 3,958 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 1,204,207 1,147,104 5.5 3.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 121,729 127,351 -29.3 -33.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 1,206,790 1,120,001 6.9 1.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q4/20 101,916 100,551 -35.5 -36.0 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 461 520 10.7 7.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 6,712 6,600 -7.4 -5.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 9,301 8,285 -9.4 -12.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 24,782 25,291 -10.2 -3.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 594,155 549,310 -5.5 -9.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 126,817 97,192 -9.1 -18.7 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 10,617 11,808 -45.2 -44.5 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 22,425 18,963 -41.8 -49.4 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 25,346 22,272 2.1 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 142,404 138,991 5.1 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 65,771 63,576 -4.1 -5.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 129,039 127,459 -0.8 -3.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 71,737 69,047 -0.3 -0.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2018) dollars Q3/20 33,732 26,380 50.2 -9.2 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 713,696 698,802 -4.1 -2.9 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 461,851 430,971 -8.0 -8.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 85,246 85,004 7.0 9.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 134,326 119,580 -0.1 -12.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 23,510 5,405 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 1,221,245 1,158,835 5.7 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 121,473 123,923 -29.0 -34.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 1,229,568 1,128,070 7.5 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q4/20 104,387 96,846 -34.3 -37.1 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/20 98.7 96.9 -7.4 -5.1 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q1/21 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Jan/21 78.9 76.1 -14.5 -14.0 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Nov/20-Jan/21 3,631 3,648 -4.5 -4.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Nov/20-Jan/21 7.0 6.6 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q3/20 160.6 159.9 2.0 2.2 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Jan/21 111.7 110.7 1.9 -0.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q3/20 112.0 111.9 3.8 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Jan/21 102,889 112,465 -17.4 -18.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Jan/21 47,418 62,842 -4.1 47.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Jan/21 55,470 49,623 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Jan/21 -55,470 -49,623 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Jan/21 -51,945 -52,291 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Jan/21 -3,526 2,668 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Jan/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Jan/21 7,754 7,753 -0.2 -0.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Jan/21 76,247 72,317 160.9 152.5 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Jan/21 9,307,825 7,937,038 23.2 6.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Jan/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Jan/21 8,608,327 7,378,113 17.7 1.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Nov/20 2,788,287 2,925,832 1.7 8.9 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Jan/21 2,115,851 2,097,996 25.3 26.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Jan/21 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Jan/21 223,145 217,700 -24.1 -14.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Jan/21 4,018,740 4,007,602 10.3 10.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Jan/21 543 371 34.4 -43.7 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Feb/21 0.50 0.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Feb/21 0.04 0.07 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Feb/21 1.30 0.79 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Feb/21 28,980 28,284 10.9 7.5 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/20 1,224,916 1,102,487 -3.4 -11.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q3/20 1,282,758 1,106,033 -1.6 -9.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q3/20 44,758 60,829 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q3/20 -5,069 -4,949 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q3/20 -19,250 15,507 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q3/20 -108,071 -104,311 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Feb/21 495.9 493.2 11.3 10.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Jan/21 493.2 491.8 10.7 11.4 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Jan/21 388.0 392.2 44.0 11.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Jan/21 413.2 437.9 37.7 14.1 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q3/20 45,937,419 43,876,277 7.7 1.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/20 15,817,615 15,489,822 2.0 -2.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/20 15,362,473 14,311,791 14.7 4.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/20 9,919,639 8,942,352 20.9 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/20 5,442,834 5,369,439 5.0 4.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/20 818,053 849,515 2.4 15.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/20 10,426,028 9,769,294 9.5 3.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q3/20 3,513,250 3,455,855 2.2 -0.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q3/20 30,883,237 30,425,378 -0.8 -4.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q3/20 15,432,087 15,219,652 -3.6 -7.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q3/20 3,901,432 3,934,584 -7.2 -15.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q3/20 3,316,854 3,333,503 -5.5 -15.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q3/20 584,578 601,081 -15.7 -15.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q3/20 841,990 836,468 8.8 15.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q3/20 10,707,728 10,434,674 5.5 2.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q3/20 15,054,182 13,450,899 30.7 19.1 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q3/20 13,317,729 12,995,009 3.8 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q3/20 19,543 19,560 -25.9 -42.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q3/20 1,928 1,896 -30.1 -33.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q3/20 8,044,112 7,818,100 3.0 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q3/20 3,226,724 3,196,199 7.3 6.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q3/20 2,025,422 1,959,254 1.9 -3.5 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Feb/21 7.7570 7.7530 0.5 0.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Feb/21 7.7565 7.7527 0.5 0.2 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Feb/21 -11 -14 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Feb/21 -15 -17 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA2/20 7,474,200 7,481,800 -0.6 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,754 million as at January 31, 2021) which were denominated in US dollars with maturity in May 2024. They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$116,482 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,754 million as at January 31, 2021) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$20,882 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$17,435 million will mature within the period from February 2021 to January 2022 and the rest within the period from February 2022 to March 2034.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012 and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 05 March 2021