Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 14 May 2021

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 697,474 713,772 7.9 -2.8 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 447,785 468,052 1.6 -6.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 92,971 83,235 6.8 6.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 119,510 130,160 4.5 3.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 -4,268 18,670 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 1,165,745 1,207,253 30.2 5.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 134,838 122,222 -8.1 -28.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 1,155,071 1,209,798 22.7 6.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q1/21 104,036 106,022 -12.9 -33.9 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 501 547 -2.8 12.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 6,959 7,119 -6.1 -7.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 6,559 8,755 -11.9 -11.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 27,530 25,829 -1.4 -7.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 645,820 608,765 -3.8 -5.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 140,837 125,248 -6.4 -9.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 11,174 9,673 -32.9 -44.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 24,239 21,850 -35.2 -41.7 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 25,504 25,317 2.3 2.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 163,081 150,383 4.8 4.8 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 68,991 63,298 -3.7 -4.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 133,212 135,212 -1.6 -0.6 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 78,782 77,782 -0.3 -0.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2019) dollars Q4/20 31,117 30,637 37.1 52.3 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 700,568 709,871 6.8 -4.0 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 449,414 464,481 0.1 -7.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 95,445 84,749 6.5 6.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 116,775 128,451 0.4 1.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 -4,353 23,135 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 1,178,210 1,211,626 31.8 5.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 141,858 127,012 -2.8 -26.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 1,169,533 1,217,339 24.1 7.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/21 107,248 112,244 -8.2 -31.0 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q4/20 96.5 98.6 -6.0 -7.4 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q2/21 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Mar/21 65.9 71.3 19.8 31.6 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Jan/21-Mar/21 3,614 3,610 -2.8 -4.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Jan/21-Mar/21 6.8 7.2 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q4/20 165.9 160.6 1.8 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct14-Sep15=100 Mar/21 111.9 111.9 0.5 0.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q4/20 109.9 112.0 2.9 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Mar/21 54,181 55,895 26.2 -17.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Mar/21 93,087 36,208 28.0 -50.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Mar/21 -38,906 19,687 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Mar/21 38,906 -19,687 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Mar/21 36,946 -20,500 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Mar/21 1,960 813 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Mar/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Mar/21 27,216 27,150 251.0 248.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Mar/21 82,590 79,022 175.2 168.4 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Mar/21 8,143,300 8,291,190 9.1 10.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Mar/21 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Mar/21 7,639,143 7,683,236 1.8 4.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Feb/21 2,737,447 2,883,127 3.5 6.8 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Apr/21 2,111,682 2,107,928 23.6 25.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Apr/21 0 0 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Apr/21 246,749 224,711 -8.8 -3.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Apr/21 4,008,528 4,016,530 11.1 12.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Apr/21 561 570 50.4 86.3 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Apr/21 0.50 0.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Apr/21 0.01 0.02 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Apr/21 1.23 1.40 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Apr/21 28,725 28,378 16.6 20.2 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/20 1,329,583 1,218,060 2.6 -3.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/20 1,338,638 1,275,234 1.4 -1.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q4/20 26,821 44,758 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q4/20 -4,695 -5,069 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q4/20 -233,499 -19,250 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q4/20 170,718 -108,071 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Apr/21 490.6 491.4 11.2 12.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Mar/21 491.4 495.7 12.3 11.2 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Mar/21 409.1 311.1 26.4 30.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Mar/21 436.1 325.8 21.7 17.6 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q4/20 48,767,671 45,937,419 11.0 7.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/20 16,200,421 15,817,615 3.2 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/20 17,244,635 15,362,473 21.7 14.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/20 11,480,539 9,919,639 26.5 20.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/20 5,764,096 5,442,834 13.2 5.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/20 897,222 818,053 45.9 2.4 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/20 10,612,245 10,426,028 6.0 9.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q4/20 3,813,149 3,513,250 10.9 2.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q4/20 32,077,260 30,883,237 1.4 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/20 15,665,132 15,432,087 -3.2 -3.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/20 4,275,281 3,901,432 -4.2 -7.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/20 3,727,567 3,316,854 -1.5 -5.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/20 547,714 584,578 -19.2 -15.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/20 941,874 841,990 62.3 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/20 11,194,974 10,707,728 7.6 5.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q4/20 16,690,411 15,054,182 35.7 30.7 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q4/20 13,824,368 13,317,729 6.0 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q4/20 19,102 19,543 -26.4 -25.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q4/20 1,593 1,928 -35.4 -30.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q4/20 8,392,203 8,044,112 4.9 3.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q4/20 3,329,791 3,226,724 9.1 7.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q4/20 2,081,679 2,025,422 6.0 1.9 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Apr/21 7.7660 7.7750 -0.2 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Apr/21 7.7647 7.7735 -0.2 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Apr/21 -17 -18 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Apr/21 -28 -20 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA2/20 7,474,200 7,481,800 -0.6 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds of US$3,500 million (equivalent to HK$27,216 million as at March 31, 2021) including US$1,000 million and US$2,500 million issued under the Government Green Bond Programme in May 2019 and February 2021 respectively, which were denominated in US dollars with maturity from May 2024 to February 2051. They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$119,157 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,776 million as at March 31, 2021) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$20,857 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$17,430 million will mature within the period from April 2021 to March 2022 and the rest within the period from April 2022 to March 2036.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012 and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 14 May 2021