Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 1 Dec 2022

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 689,915 668,074 -4.5 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 458,486 469,734 0.0 0.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 93,994 95,509 5.1 13.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 110,240 124,137 -14.3 -2.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 -5,616 17,165 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 1,097,509 1,081,716 -15.6 -8.4 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 132,043 120,751 -3.8 2.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 1,089,368 1,143,107 -16.1 -5.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q3/22 107,373 97,831 -3.6 -2.4 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 639 609 -9.0 -7.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 7,006 6,148 2.7 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 9,166 7,924 -7.2 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 27,260 29,013 7.4 3.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 592,786 593,958 -1.2 -3.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 105,224 117,256 -6.7 -7.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 10,389 6,649 -6.2 -29.0 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 25,739 28,458 -3.3 -12.0 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 22,046 24,377 1.1 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 157,017 152,332 1.6 0.1 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 57,699 61,033 -1.8 -5.4 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 139,666 127,261 -0.1 -0.6 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 75,009 76,590 0.4 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2020) dollars Q2/22 26,054 26,808 -14.9 -20.1 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 729,817 674,461 -0.2 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 468,416 477,821 2.6 1.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 97,749 99,333 8.7 17.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 111,284 125,318 -13.1 1.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 -4,416 16,798 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 1,234,602 1,213,428 -9.6 -2.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 163,499 150,164 4.1 15.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 1,221,437 1,293,078 -10.4 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q3/22 119,880 115,323 -2.6 5.8 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q2/22 105.1 92.3 2.7 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q4/22 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Oct-22 110.1 96.9 2.4 -1.4 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Aug/22-Oct/22 3,648.6 3,628.9 -1.4 -1.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Aug/22-Oct/22 3.8 3.9 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q2/22 164.4 178.4 1.7 0.8 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Oct-22 103.8 103.5 1.8 4.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q2/22 115.8 114.1 0.8 2.3 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Oct-22 40,134.6 15,501.2 -28.1 -34.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Oct-22 62,890.5 85,508.1 21.1 35.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Oct-22 -22,755.9 -70,006.9 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Oct-22 22,755.9 70,006.9 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Oct-22 23,128.1 55,767.2 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Oct-22 -372.2 14,239.7 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Oct-22 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Oct-22 74,388 74,337 173.2 172.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Oct-22 135,575.0 133,401.0 21.8 22.7 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Oct-22 7,928,236 8,032,016 -2.2 -0.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Oct-22 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Oct-22 7,730,154 7,810,804 -0.4 0.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Aug-22 3,175,026 3,089,556 25.1 17.9 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million Oct-22 1,902,319 1,931,609 -10.3 -8.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million Oct-22 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million Oct-22 275,562 285,453 26.9 23.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million Oct-22 3,461,730 3,475,578 -14.9 -14.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million Oct-22 22,108 23,192 3692.1 4623.4 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum Nov-22 4.25 3.50 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum Nov-22 4.72 3.05 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum Nov-22 3.569 3.937 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 Nov-22 18,597 14,687 -20.8 -42.1 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q2/22 1,408,401 1,322,028 2.3 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q2/22 1,363,592 1,380,601 -0.4 4.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q2/22 78,015 23,246 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q2/22 -3,167 -2,790 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) HK$ million Q2/22 159,808 52,489 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Capital and financial transactions (Non-reserve) HK$ million Q2/22 -220,949 -102,004 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion Oct-22 417.2 419.2 -16.2 -15.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Oct-22 417.2 419.2 -16.2 -15.3 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Oct-22 374.7 401.6 -10.4 -9.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Oct-22 395.5 446.6 -11.9 -7.8 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q2/22 48,663,901 49,491,687 -4.8 0.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q2/22 17,256,977 17,691,726 0.7 6.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q2/22 15,016,286 15,493,495 -18.2 -11.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q2/22 9,841,270 10,089,573 -23.3 -16.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q2/22 5,175,015 5,403,921 -6.5 -0.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q2/22 1,166,252 929,333 51.4 31.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q2/22 11,714,955 11,605,458 6.0 8.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q2/22 3,509,431 3,771,675 -8.1 -1.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q2/22 33,859,406 33,893,581 1.3 3.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q2/22 17,155,866 17,238,715 3.4 6.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q2/22 3,988,501 4,095,168 -11.8 -10.7 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q2/22 3,488,978 3,528,155 -12.3 -12.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q2/22 499,523 567,013 -7.5 -0.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q2/22 1,070,302 835,531 38.2 20.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q2/22 11,644,737 11,724,167 1.0 5.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q2/22 14,804,495 15,598,106 -16.4 -7.3 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q2/22 14,421,438 14,550,202 1.3 5.4 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q2/22 61,008 64,304 62.1 70.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q2/22 1,379 1,459 -18.0 -24.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q2/22 8,557,165 8,778,067 -0.6 4.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q2/22 3,524,707 3,447,351 2.8 3.5 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q2/22 2,277,179 2,259,022 5.4 8.9 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Nov-22 7.8040 7.8500 0.0 -0.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) Nov-22 7.8031 7.8496 0.0 -0.9 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Nov-22 19 -66 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) Nov-22 -18 -111 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA1/22 7,291,600 7,401,500 -1.6 -0.3 More Statistics DSBB

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds (equivalent to HK$74,388 million as at October 31, 2022) issued under the Government Green Bond Programme. They were denominated in US dollars (US$4,500 million with maturity from May 2024 to February 2051), euros (1,750 million euros with maturity from November 2026 to November 2041), Renminbi (RMB5,000 million with maturity from November 2024 to November 2026) and Hong Kong dollars (HK$20,000 million with maturity in May 2025). They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$218,828 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,849 million as at October 31, 2022) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$89,028 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$1,000 million were repaid upon maturity on November 18, 2022; bonds with nominal value of HK$25,800 million will mature within the period from December 2022 to October 2023 and the rest within the period from November 2023 to May 2042.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012 and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

Last revision date : 01 December 2022