Economic & Financial Data for Hong Kong

Date of last update: 14 Jun 2024

This page is updated on the day that the data are released.

The data shown in this page correspond to the data described on the International Monetary Fund's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB). For a fuller explanation of the DSBB and the statistical standards to which Hong Kong, China has committed, please click on DSBB Home Page.

Unless otherwise indicated, data are not seasonally adjusted.

SDDS Data Category and Component Unit Description Observations Change in Latest Data Over a Year Ago (%) Change in Previous Data Over a Year Ago (%) More Info
Date of Latest Data Latest Data Previous Data
REAL SECTOR
National Accounts
* GDP (Real)1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 728,625 762,957 2.7 4.3 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 486,910 522,723 1.0 3.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 103,673 94,171 -3.0 -5.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 117,875 131,719 0.3 17.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 -17,310 -8,721 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 1,068,309 1,172,275 6.8 2.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 209,553 202,940 8.4 21.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 1,067,499 1,182,743 3.3 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services1 HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q1/24 172,886 169,407 17.2 26.7 More Statistics DSBB
** By Economic Activity
*** Agriculture, fishing, mining and quarrying HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 323 339 -8.0 -6.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Manufacturing HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 6,967 7,238 4.1 4.3 More Statistics DSBB
*** Electricity, gas and water supply, and waste management HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 7,485 9,734 3.6 0.2 More Statistics DSBB
*** Construction HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 31,279 30,132 3.8 13.5 More Statistics DSBB
*** Services HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 710,252 672,849 5.3 4.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Import/export, wholesale and retail trades HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 140,604 130,164 6.5 1.5 More Statistics DSBB
**** Accommodation and food services HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 15,767 14,512 14.6 18.4 More Statistics DSBB
**** Transportation, storage, postal and courier services HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 75,013 69,483 31.8 31.4 More Statistics DSBB
****Information and communications HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 26,752 26,334 2.1 1.8 More Statistics DSBB
**** Financing  and insurance HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 160,186 145,518 -1.4 -0.2 More Statistics DSBB
**** Real estate, professional and business services HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 63,149 58,683 2.7 2.8 More Statistics DSBB
**** Public administration, social and personal services HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 154,819 155,453 3.6 2.9 More Statistics DSBB
**** Ownership of premises HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 73,964 72,701 1.4 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Taxes on products HK$ million, in chained (2022) dollars Q4/23 20,445 21,849 -25.6 -9.3 More Statistics DSBB
* GDP (Nominal) HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 769,724 792,936 7.1 8.3 More Statistics DSBB
** By Expenditure Component
*** Private consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 521,999 552,915 4.8 8.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Government consumption expenditure HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 106,947 96,988 -1.1 -3.1 More Statistics DSBB
*** Gross domestic fixed capital formation HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 114,055 133,832 0.6 17.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Changes in inventories HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 -17,447 -10,871 - - More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 1,141,982 1,245,942 11.7 8.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Exports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 227,229 202,162 18.8 21.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of goods HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 1,148,666 1,253,628 8.3 9.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Imports of services HK$ million, at current market prices Q1/24 176,375 174,404 21.8 25.9 More Statistics DSBB
Production Index (All Manufacturing Industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q1/24 97.6 106.0 1.8 4.1 More Statistics DSBB
Forward-looking Indicator
Business Expectations3 - Q2/24 - - - - More Statistics DSBB
Retail Sales Volume Index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Apr/24 97.1 103.3 -16.5 -8.7 More Statistics DSBB
Labour Market
* Employment Employed persons (thousand) (3-month moving average) Feb/24-Apr/24 3,694.1 3,688.4 1.0 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
* Unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted) Percentage of labour force (3-month moving average) Feb/24-Apr/24 3.0 3.0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Wages/earnings (Nominal index of payroll per person engaged) Index, Q1/99=100 Q4/23 178.5 171.4 3.6 3.5 More Statistics DSBB
Price Indices
* Composite consumer price index Index, Oct19-Sep20=100 Apr/24 106.4 107.1 1.1 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Producer price index (All manufacturing industries)2 Index, 2015=100 Q1/24 116.6 113.8 1.2 2.7 More Statistics DSBB
FISCAL SECTOR
General Government Operations (Budgetary Accounts [Monthly])
* Revenue HK$ million Apr/24 34,273.5 92,194.0 -1.6 99.5 More Statistics DSBB
* Expenditure HK$ million Apr/24 61,934.9 74,100.0 -11.0 -31.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Surplus/deficit (+/-) HK$ million Apr/24 -27,661.4 18,094.0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financing HK$ million Apr/24 27,661.4 -18,094.0 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Banking sector 4 HK$ million Apr/24 25,949.6 -17,392.1 - - More Statistics DSBB
** Domestic - Non-banking sector HK$ million Apr/24 1,711.8 -701.9 - - More Statistics DSBB
** External HK$ million Apr/24 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
Government Debt
* Government debt 5 HK$ million Apr/24 192,298.0 192,529.0 56.8 57.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Debt guaranteed by government 6 HK$ million Apr/24 144,518.0 146,608.0 -0.3 1.7 More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SECTOR
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector (Monetary Statistics)
* Monetary aggregates (HK$ M3) HK$ million Apr/24 8,307,180 8,265,805 0.5 -0.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to the Hong Kong SAR Government 7 HK$ million Apr/24 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Gross domestic credit to private sector 8 HK$ million Apr/24 7,490,843 7,535,381 -3.4 -3.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Net external position (Net external claims) 9 HK$ million Mar/24 4,243,332 4,359,732 18.2 25.5 More Statistics DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank (Exchange Fund Balance Sheet)
* Monetary base HK$ million May/24 1,919,047 1,916,165 2.8 2.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the Hong Kong SAR Government HK$ million May/24 0 0 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Claims on the private sector in Hong Kong HK$ million May/24 294,195 305,082 23.6 23.4 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign assets HK$ million May/24 3,468,036 3,460,237 -0.8 -2.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Foreign liabilities HK$ million May/24 22,408 22,256 -10.4 -4.9 More Statistics DSBB
Interest Rate
* Base rate Percent per annum May/24 5.75 5.75 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Yield of exchange fund bills - 91-day Percent per annum May/24 4.32 4.12 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Government bond yield - 10-year Percent per annum May/24 3.826 3.946 - - More Statistics DSBB
FINANCIAL SOUNDNESS INDICATORS (FSIs) are posted at http://fsi.imf.org/docs/country/All FSIs_532.xls
Stock Market (Hang Seng Index) Index, 31 July 1964 = 100 May/24 18,080 17,763 -0.8 -10.7 More Statistics DSBB
EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balance of Payments
* Imports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/23 1,428,032 1,341,586 10.8 0.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Exports of goods and services HK$ million Q4/23 1,448,104 1,359,659 9.8 -2.2 More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from primary income HK$ million Q4/23 54,987 93,434 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Net receipts from secondary income HK$ million Q4/23 -4,338 -4,196 - - More Statistics DSBB
* International reserves (Change in reserve assets) 10 HK$ million Q4/23 -9,113 16,099 - - More Statistics DSBB
* Financial transactions (Non-reserve) 10 HK$ million Q4/23 46,540 127,401 - - More Statistics DSBB
International Reserves
* Foreign currency reserve assets US$ billion May/24 417.2 416.4 -0.9 -2.6 More Statistics DSBB
* Data template on international reserves/foreign currency liquidity US$ billion Apr/24 416.4 423.5 -2.6 -1.7 More Statistics DSBB
Merchandise Trade
* Total exports of goods (f.o.b.) HK$ billion Apr/24 378.7 384.5 11.9 4.7 More Statistics DSBB
* Total imports of goods (c.i.f.) HK$ billion Apr/24 388.9 429.5 3.7 5.3 More Statistics DSBB
International Investment Position
* Assets HK$ million Q4/23 48,301,734 47,949,024 1.9 3.8 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/23 17,553,819 17,313,594 2.9 3.4 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/23 14,334,210 14,151,575 0.3 9.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/23 8,291,240 8,420,140 -8.7 4.9 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/23 6,042,969 5,731,435 15.9 15.6 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/23 1,065,145 1,417,829 -12.5 -5.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/23 12,025,598 11,810,266 4.3 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Reserve assets HK$ million Q4/23 3,322,963 3,255,761 0.4 -1.1 More Statistics DSBB
* Liabilities HK$ million Q4/23 34,362,319 34,624,463 2.3 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment HK$ million Q4/23 18,167,028 18,315,145 5.0 7.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Portfolio investment HK$ million Q4/23 3,753,729 3,652,402 -4.5 5.6 More Statistics DSBB
*** Equity and investment fund shares HK$ million Q4/23 3,047,756 2,993,135 -8.7 4.0 More Statistics DSBB
*** Debt securities HK$ million Q4/23 705,972 659,267 19.3 13.7 More Statistics DSBB
** Financial derivatives HK$ million Q4/23 1,107,617 1,361,041 -9.7 0.9 More Statistics DSBB
** Other investment HK$ million Q4/23 11,333,945 11,295,875 1.9 -1.0 More Statistics DSBB
* Net international investment position HK$ million Q4/23 13,939,415 13,324,562 0.9 3.1 More Statistics DSBB
External Debt
* Gross external debt HK$ million Q4/23 14,362,420 14,402,443 3.4 1.4 More Statistics DSBB
** General government HK$ million Q4/23 115,484 111,544 152.7 143.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Monetary authority HK$ million Q4/23 31,423 26,509 2.7 -17.3 More Statistics DSBB
** Banks HK$ million Q4/23 8,085,283 8,002,882 -1.1 -4.2 More Statistics DSBB
** Other sectors HK$ million Q4/23 3,807,727 3,814,207 9.8 7.1 More Statistics DSBB
** Direct investment: intercompany lending HK$ million Q4/23 2,322,502 2,447,301 6.8 10.4 More Statistics DSBB
Exchange rate
* Spot rate HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) May/24 7.8190 7.8240 0.2 0.3 More Statistics DSBB
* Spot rate (Interbank rate) HK$ per US$ (Positive sign represent appreciation of HK$) May/24 7.8159 7.8223 0.2 0.4 More Statistics DSBB
* 3-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) May/24 -191 -224 - - More Statistics DSBB
* 6-month forward rate (Interbank rate) HK$ against USD (pip) May/24 -353 -388 - - More Statistics DSBB
POPULATION
POPULATION Number, half-yearly SA2/23 7,503,100 7,536,100 0.4 2.6 More Statistics DSBB
GENDER INDICATOR
Labor force participation rate by gender
* Male Percentage of land-based non-institutional population (3-month moving average) Feb/24-Apr/24 62.8 62.8 - - More Statistics
* Female Percentage of land-based non-institutional population (3-month moving average) Feb/24-Apr/24 52.6 52.4 - - More Statistics
* Overall Percentage of land-based non-institutional population (3-month moving average) Feb/24-Apr/24 57.1 57.0 - - More Statistics

Footnotes:

n.a. not available

n.y.a. not yet available

- not applicable

1.

The first released figures are called "advance estimates". The advance estimates include the real growth of overall GDP and its major expenditure components. When more data become available, the advance estimates will be revised. The revised figures as well as the current price GDP will be released about two weeks later for the first, second and third reference quarters and on the Budget Day for the fourth quarter.

2.

Hong Kong is taking the flexibility options for periodicity and timeliness. The indices are disseminated on a quarterly basis within three months of the end of the reference quarter.

3.

Refer to views on expected changes in volume of business/output, number of persons engaged and prices for the coming quarter as compared with the current quarter.

4.

Includes transactions with the Exchange Fund and resident banks.

5.

These were the Green Bonds (equivalent to HK$192,298 million as at April 30, 2024) issued under the Government Green Bond Programme. They were denominated in US dollars (US$9,950 million with maturity from May 2024 to January 2053), euros (4,580 million euros with maturity from January 2025 to November 2041), Renminbi (RMB31,500 million with maturity from November 2024 to June 2033) and Hong Kong dollars (HK$42,000 million with maturity from May 2025 to October 2026). They do not include the outstanding bonds with nominal value of HK$237,026 million and alternative bonds with nominal value of US$1,000 million (equivalent to HK$7,826 million as at April 30, 2024) issued under the Government Bond Programme (with proceeds credited to the Bond Fund). Of these bonds under the Government Bond Programme (including Silver Bonds with nominal value of HK$124,526 million, which may be redeemed before maturity upon request from bond holders), bonds with nominal value of HK$1,500 million were repaid upon maturity on May 20, 2024; bonds with nominal value of HK$67,421 million will mature within the period from June 2024 to April 2025 and the rest within the period from May 2025 to May 2042.

6.

Includes guarantees provided under the SME Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2001, the Special Loan Guarantee Scheme launched in 2008, the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme launched in 2012, Loan Guarantee Scheme for Cross-boundary Passenger Transport Trade, Loan Guarantee Scheme for Battery Electric Taxis and Loan Guarantee Scheme for Travel Sector launched in 2023, and a commercial loan of the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation.

7.

Loan to the Hong Kong SAR government is at present zero.

8.

Includes loans for trade finance and other loans for use in Hong Kong. Since December 2018, figures for loans for use in/outside Hong Kong have been restated to reflect authorized institutions’ reclassification of working capital loans.

9.

Hong Kong is taking the extensive branch banking system flexibility to disseminate data on the external position with a timeliness of more than one month.

10.

A new sign convention has been adopted for the entire series of the financial account since June 2023. From then on, an increase in financial non-reserve assets/reserve assets is indicated by a positive value while a decrease in financial non-reserve assets/reserve assets is indicated by a negative value.

Last revision date : 14 June 2024