The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) published today (Monday) the results of Survey on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)’ Credit Conditions for the third quarter of 2020.
Regarding SMEs’ perception of banks’ credit approval stance relative to 6 months ago, excluding respondents who answered “no idea / don’t know”, 59% perceived similar or easier credit approval stance in the third quarter of 2020, compared with 64% in the previous quarter. 41% perceived more difficult credit approval stance, compared with 36% in the previous quarter (Chart 1 in the Annex). The increase in the percentage was mainly contributed by SMEs who did not apply for or enquire about new credit during the quarter. Among those who applied for or enquired about new credit, the percentage of respondents perceiving more difficult credit approval stance remained relatively stable. Therefore, the perception of more difficult credit approval stance may not necessarily reflect actual difficulties faced by SMEs in obtaining bank credit as the perception could be affected by a number of factors, such as media/news reports, business conditions and opinions of relatives and friends.
Of those respondents with existing credit lines, 82% reported that banks’ stance on existing credit lines was easier or unchanged in the third quarter of 2020, down from 95% in the previous quarter, but comparable to the 86% registered in the fourth quarter of 2019 and 83% in the first quarter of 2020 (Chart 2 in the Annex). 18% of the respondents reported tightened banks’ stance on existing credit lines in the third quarter of 2020, up from 5% in the previous quarter, but comparable to the 14% registered in the fourth quarter of 2019 and 17% in the first quarter of 2020. In this survey, tightened stance on existing credit lines denotes a range of possible measures or arrangements, such as reducing unused and used credit lines, raising the interest rate, imposing additional collateral requirements, or shortening loan tenor. Therefore, respondents’ indication of banks’ stance on existing credit lines may not directly reflect banks’ supply of credit to SMEs.
The survey also gauged the results of new credit applications from SMEs. 5% of the respondents reported that they had applied for new bank credit during the third quarter of 2020. Among the respondents who had already known their application outcomes, 95% reported fully or partially successful applications, up from 90% in the previous quarter (Chart 3 in the Annex). 5% reported unsuccessful applications, down from 10% in the previous quarter.
Owing to small sample sizes of SMEs with existing credit lines (27% of surveyed SMEs) and with new credit applications (5% of surveyed SMEs) during the quarter, the results could be prone to large fluctuations, and hence should be interpreted with care.
About Survey on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)’ Credit Conditions
In light of the importance of SMEs to the Hong Kong economy and concerns about potential funding difficulties facing SMEs over the past few years, the HKMA has appointed the Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) to carry out this survey, starting from the third quarter of 2016. This survey is conducted on a quarterly basis, covering about 2,500 SMEs from different economic sectors each time. The results of this survey can help monitor the development of SMEs’ access to bank credit from a demand-side perspective
The results of this survey should be interpreted with caution. Similar to other opinion surveys, views collected in this survey may be affected by changes in sentiment due to idiosyncratic events that occurred over the survey period, which can make the results prone to fluctuations. Readers are advised to interpret the results together with other economic and financial information. In addition, views collected are limited to the expected direction of inter-quarter changes (e.g. “tighter”, “similar” or “easier”) without providing information about the magnitude of these changes.
Detailed tables and technical information of this survey are published on the website of the HKPC (http://smecc.hkpc.org).
Hong Kong Monetary Authority
2 November 2020