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Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 
 

1 April 2017
The HKMA establishes ...
7 June 2017
Hong Kong becomes ...

1 April 2017
The HKMA establishes the Resolution Office to operationalise the Hong Kong resolution regime for banks. The resolution regime under the Financial Institutions (Resolution) Ordinance commences operation in July 2017.

7 June 2017
Hong Kong becomes a member of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

8 June 2017
The HKMA announces the Private Wealth Management Association’s adoption of the Treat Customers Fairly Charter for the Private Wealth Management Industry.

3 July 2017
Bond Connect is launched, providing a cross-border platform that facilitates efficient trading by overseas institutional investors in the Mainland bond market.
Bond Connect is launched

29 September 2017
HKMA unveils a number of initiatives that prepare Hong Kong to move into a New Era of Smart Banking.

15 November 2017
The HKMA and the Monetary Authority of Singapore exchange a Memorandum of Understanding in Singapore to jointly develop the Global Trade Connectivity Network to digitalise trade and trade finance between the two cities and potentially with an aim to expanding the network in the region and globally.

28 November 2017
The HKMA launches the Fintech Supervisory Chatroom as a new feature of the Fintech Supervisory Sandbox 2.0.

20 December 2017
The China Development Bank issues its first Belt and Road bond in Hong Kong to finance projects across Belt and Road countries.

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2017

 

21 March 2016
The HKMA establishes ...
4 July 2016
The HKMA sets up ...

21 March 2016
The HKMA establishes the Fintech Facilitation Office to promote Hong Kong as a fintech hub in Asia.
The HKMA establishes the Fintech Facilitation Office
The FFO launches Fintech Career Accelerator Scheme (FCAS) as one of its initiatives to build up a fintech talent pool for Hong Kong.

4 July 2016
The HKMA sets up the Infrastructure Financing Facilitation Office to promote Hong Kong as an infrastructure financing hub. The HKMA sets up the Infrastructure Financing Facilitation Office

20 July 2016
Launch of the joint e-Cheque clearing between Guangdong province (including Shenzhen) and Hong Kong.

12 August 2016
The first Silver Bond is issued under the Government Bond Programme.
The first Silver Bond is issued

25 August 2016
The HKMA announces the issuance of the first batch of five stored value facility licences.

6 September 2016
The HKMA introduces the Fintech Supervisory Sandbox to facilitate banks’ pilot trials of fintech initiatives before launch.

11 November 2016
The HKMA and the Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute jointly launch the Fintech Innovation Hub for trying out new fintech solutions.
the Fintech Innovation Hub

5 December 2016
Launch of Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect.
Launch of Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect

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2016

 

9 July 2015
The HKMA announces ...
15 September 2015
The Hong Kong Mortgage ...

9 July 2015
The HKMA announces the launch of a new cross border linkage with the Mainland to provide order routing and settlement support to the Mainland-Hong Kong Mutual Recognition of Funds initiative.

15 September 2015
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launches the Premium Loan Insurance Scheme in collaboration with banks to help owners of subsidised housing properties who are aged 50 or above to settle land premium payment.

13 November 2015
The regulatory regime for stored value facilities and retail payment systems under the Payment Systems and Stored Value Facilities Ordinance commences operation.

7 December 2015
The Electronic Cheque (e-Cheque) service is launched to provide a more convenient way for bank customers to issue and deposit cheques online.
the Premium Loan Insurance Scheme

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1 December 2015
The International Monetary Fund ...
16 December 2015
The US Federal Reserve ...

1 December 2015
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announces that the IMF Executive Board decided at its meeting on 30 November to include the renminbi in the Special Drawing Rights basket and the new basket will be effective from 1 October 2016.

16 December 2015
The US Federal Reserve raises the target range for the US federal funds rate by 25 basis points, the first rate hike in nearly 10 years. The HKMA also adjusts the Base Rate upward by 25 basis points to 0.75% according to a pre-set formula.

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2015

 

September 2014
Inaugural issuance of US$1 ...
September 2014
The HKMA launches the Coin ...

18 September 2014
Inaugural issuance of US$1 billion 5-year sukuk (Islamic bond) under the Government Bond Programme.

19 September 2014
the Coin Collection Programme
The HKMA launches the Coin Collection Programme to facilitate members of the public to get value for their coins in addition to the existing banking system.

1 November 2014
The HKMA is admitted as a member of The South-East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) group.

17 November 2014
Launch of Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect.
Authorized institutions begin conducting renminbi conversions with Hong Kong residents without applying limits.
Launch of Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect

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2014
The US Federal Reserve Board ...

2014
The US Federal Reserve Board ends its asset purchase programme.

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2014

 

January 2013
Qianhai renminbi cross-border ...
February 2013
HKMA announces a package ...

January 2013
The Qianhai renminbi cross-border lending scheme commenced in January 2013. Companies incorporated in Qianhai and with operations or investments there can borrow renminbi funds from Hong Kong banks engaging in renminbi business.

February 2013
HKMA announces a package of measures to enhance the transparency and robustness of the HIBOR fixing mechanism for the HKD Interest Settlement Rate on 6 February 2013.

June 2013
The Treasury Markets Association launched the CNH Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate fixing (CNH HIBOR fixing) in June 2013. The fixing provides a benchmark for renminbi loan facilities, and facilitates the development of a variety of renminbi interest rate products.

The Treat Customers Fairly Charter, a joint initiative of the HKMA and the banking industry, is launched
October 2013
All 22 retail banks in Hong Kong signed up to the Treat Customers Fairly Charter at a launching ceremony hosted by the HKMA on 28 October 2013, which demonstrates the industry's commitment not only to treating customers fairly but fostering a stronger culture towards fair treatment of customers at all levels of banks and at all stages of their relationship with customers.

Consumer education programme
November 2013
The HKMA launches a consumer education programme to promote "smart and responsible" use of banking services.

December 2013
A new Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP) platform jointly developed by HKMA and the Banking Sector has been launched on 11 December 2013. As a consolidated platform for the straight-through processing of electronic bill presentments and payments, the service provides convenient one-stop bill payment services for the public.

January 2013
The Qianhai renminbi cross-border lending scheme commenced in January 2013. Companies incorporated in Qianhai and with operations or investments there can borrow renminbi funds from Hong Kong banks engaging in renminbi business.

February 2013
HKMA announces a package of measures to enhance the transparency and robustness of the HIBOR fixing mechanism for the HKD Interest Settlement Rate on 6 February 2013.

June 2013
The Treasury Markets Association launched the CNH Hong Kong Interbank Offered Rate fixing (CNH HIBOR fixing) in June 2013. The fixing provides a benchmark for renminbi loan facilities, and facilitates the development of a variety of renminbi interest rate products.

The Treat Customers Fairly Charter, a joint initiative of the HKMA and the banking industry, is launched
October 2013
All 22 retail banks in Hong Kong signed up to the Treat Customers Fairly Charter at a launching ceremony hosted by the HKMA on 28 October 2013, which demonstrates the industry's commitment not only to treating customers fairly but fostering a stronger culture towards fair treatment of customers at all levels of banks and at all stages of their relationship with customers.

Consumer education programme
November 2013
The HKMA launches a consumer education programme to promote "smart and responsible" use of banking services.

December 2013
A new Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment (EBPP) platform jointly developed by HKMA and the Banking Sector has been launched on 11 December 2013. As a consolidated platform for the straight-through processing of electronic bill presentments and payments, the service provides convenient one-stop bill payment services for the public.

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2013

29 June 2012
The Hong Kong Mortgage
Corporation Limited launches
the Microfinance Scheme ...

29 June 2012
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launches the Microfinance Scheme in collaboration with the six banks and five non-governmental organisations to extend microfinance loans and offer ancillary support facilities to business starters, self-employed persons, and people who want to enhance themselves through training, upgrading of skills or securing professional certificate in Hong Kong.

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September 2012
The launch of renminbi ...
October 2012
The listing of the first ...

September 2012
The launch of renminbi currency futures in Hong Kong.

October 2012
The listing of the first renminbi share in Hong Kong.

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29 February 2012
The Banking (Amendment) Bill ...
September 2012
The US Federal Reserve ...

29 February 2012
The Banking (Amendment) Bill 2012 is passed to provide the legal framework in Hong Kong for “Basel 3”, a regulatory framework governing bank capital and liquidity issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2010. Basel 3 builds upon the Committee’s earlier Basel 1 and Basel 2/2.5 standards.

September 2012
The US Federal Reserve Board launches the Quantitative Easing 3.

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2012

 

1 January 2011
The Hong Kong Mortgage ...
22 November 2011
The People's Bank of China and the Hong Kong ...

1 January 2011
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launched the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme to assist local small and medium-sized enterprises to obtain sustainable bank financing.

13 January 2011
The People's Bank of China announced administrative arrangement allowing Mainland enterprises to conduct outward direct investments in renminbi.


11 July 2011
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launched the Reverse Mortgage Programme to encourage banks to offer reverse mortgage to the elderly aged 60 or above.


August 2011
During his visit to Hong Kong, Mr Li Keqiang,Vice-Premier of the State Council, announced a series of measures to support the development of Hong Kong as the offshore renminbi business centre, including further expansion of the renminbi trade settlement scheme, support for the use of renminbi for foreign direct investments in the Mainland, introduction of a renminbi Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors scheme for investing in Mainland's securities markets, pilot arrangement for foreign banks to increase capital of their Mainland subsidiaries using renminbi, and expansion of issuance of renminbi bonds in Hong Kong by Mainland entities (including financial institutions and corporates).

14 October 2011
The People's Bank of China and the Ministry of Commerce promulgated the administrative rules for conducting foreign direct investments in renminbi.


22 November 2011
The People's Bank of China and the Hong Kong Monetary Authority signed a renewed currency swap agreement for a term of another three years, with its size expanded to RMB400 billion. 

1 January 2011
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launched the SME Financing Guarantee Scheme to assist local small and medium-sized enterprises to obtain sustainable bank financing.

13 January 2011
The People's Bank of China announced administrative arrangement allowing Mainland enterprises to conduct outward direct investments in renminbi.


11 July 2011
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation Limited launched the Reverse Mortgage Programme to encourage banks to offer reverse mortgage to the elderly aged 60 or above.


August 2011
During his visit to Hong Kong, Mr Li Keqiang,Vice-Premier of the State Council, announced a series of measures to support the development of Hong Kong as the offshore renminbi business centre, including further expansion of the renminbi trade settlement scheme, support for the use of renminbi for foreign direct investments in the Mainland, introduction of a renminbi Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors scheme for investing in Mainland's securities markets, pilot arrangement for foreign banks to increase capital of their Mainland subsidiaries using renminbi, and expansion of issuance of renminbi bonds in Hong Kong by Mainland entities (including financial institutions and corporates).

14 October 2011
The People's Bank of China and the Ministry of Commerce promulgated the administrative rules for conducting foreign direct investments in renminbi.


22 November 2011
The People's Bank of China and the Hong Kong Monetary Authority signed a renewed currency swap agreement for a term of another three years, with its size expanded to RMB400 billion. 

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August 2011
Credit-rating agency Standard & Poor's downgraded ...

August 2011
Credit-rating agency Standard & Poor's downgraded the sovereign credit rating of the US government bond by one notch from the highest "AAA" to" "AA+".

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March 2011
Earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis in North-east Japan.

2011

 

30 June 2010
Deposit Protection Scheme ...
19 July 2010
HKMA and the People's Bank of China sign ...

30 June 2010
Deposit Protection Scheme (Amendment) Ordinance 2010 is passed. Protection limit will be raised from $100,000 to $500,000.


19 July 2010
HKMA and the People's Bank of China sign a Supplementary Memorandum of Cooperation upon the revision of the Clearing Agreement for renminbi business in Hong Kong.


20 July 2010
The HKMA and the three note-issuing banks announce the issuance of a new series of banknotes, which incorporate state-of-the-art security features and accessibility features dedicated to the visually impaired.


22 November 2010
The Finance Department of the Ministry of Finance of the Central Government and Hong Kong Monetary Authority signed "Memorandum of Co-operation on Using Central Moneymarkets Unit for Issuance of Renminbi Sovereign Bonds".

30 June 2010
Deposit Protection Scheme (Amendment) Ordinance 2010 is passed. Protection limit will be raised from $100,000 to $500,000.


19 July 2010
HKMA and the People's Bank of China sign a Supplementary Memorandum of Cooperation upon the revision of the Clearing Agreement for renminbi business in Hong Kong.


20 July 2010
The HKMA and the three note-issuing banks announce the issuance of a new series of banknotes, which incorporate state-of-the-art security features and accessibility features dedicated to the visually impaired.


22 November 2010
The Finance Department of the Ministry of Finance of the Central Government and Hong Kong Monetary Authority signed "Memorandum of Co-operation on Using Central Moneymarkets Unit for Issuance of Renminbi Sovereign Bonds".

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April 2010
European sovereign debt crisis. 3 November 2010
The US Federal Reserve ...

April 2010
European sovereign debt crisis.

3 November 2010
The US Federal Reserve Board announces the launch of Quantitative Easing 2.

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May 2010
The 41st World Expo is held in Shanghai, China.


May 2010
The 41st World Expo is held in Shanghai, China.


May 2010
The 41st World Expo is held in Shanghai, China.

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2010

December 2009
The 5th East Asian Games is held in Hong Kong.


December 2009
The 5th East Asian Games is held in Hong Kong.
Note:Use of logo, approval obtained from the 2009 East Asian Games (HK) Limited on 24.12.2009.


December 2009
The 5th East Asian Games is held in Hong Kong.
Note:Use of logo, approval obtained from the 2009 East Asian Games (HK) Limited on 24.12.2009.

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July 2009
Cross-border trade ...
1 October 2009
Norman Chan succeeds Joseph Yam, who retired ...


1 October 2009
Norman Chan succeeds Joseph Yam, who retired on 1 October 2009, as the Monetary Authority.


July 2009
Cross-border trade settlement using renminbi is introduced in Hong Kong allowing enterprises to settle transactions with their Mainland counterparts using the Mainland currency. The settlement scheme is expanded in 2010.

October 2009
RMB 6 billion of renminbi sovereign bonds are issued in Hong Kong, the first time such bonds are issued outside the Mainland.


1 October 2009
Norman Chan succeeds Joseph Yam, who retired on 1 October 2009, as the Monetary Authority.


July 2009
Cross-border trade settlement using renminbi is introduced in Hong Kong allowing enterprises to settle transactions with their Mainland counterparts using the Mainland currency. The settlement scheme is expanded in 2010.

October 2009
RMB 6 billion of renminbi sovereign bonds are issued in Hong Kong, the first time such bonds are issued outside the Mainland.

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2009

   

14 September 2008
Lehman Brothers files for...
2008-2009
GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
The US sub-prime ...

14 September 2008
Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy protection on 14 September 2008, affecting global financial markets and investors of Lehman Brothers related products, including retail investors in Hong Kong.


2008-2009
GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
The US sub-prime mortgage problem turns into a global financial crisis, plunging the world, including Hong Kong, into recession.
Central banks around the world ease monetary policy and inject liquidity into the banking system to restore market confidence. In December the US Federal Reserve lowers the federal funds target rate to a range of 0%-0.25%, its lowest levels on record. The Group of Twenty and the Financial Stability Board make proposals to reform and strengthen the international financial system.
The world economy comes out of recession in 2009.

14 September 2008
Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy protection on 14 September 2008, affecting global financial markets and investors of Lehman Brothers related products, including retail investors in Hong Kong.


2008-2009
GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS
The US sub-prime mortgage problem turns into a global financial crisis, plunging the world, including Hong Kong, into recession.
Central banks around the world ease monetary policy and inject liquidity into the banking system to restore market confidence. In December the US Federal Reserve lowers the federal funds target rate to a range of 0%-0.25%, its lowest levels on record. The Group of Twenty and the Financial Stability Board make proposals to reform and strengthen the international financial system.
The world economy comes out of recession in 2009.

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12 May 2008
SICHUAN EARTHQUAKE
An earthquake with a …
August 2008
The 29th Olympic ...

12 May 2008
SICHUAN EARTHQUAKE
An earthquake with a magnitude of 8 on the Richter scale in Wenchuan county, Sichuan causes over 400,000 casualties.


August 2008
The 29 th Olympic Games and the 13 th Paralympics Games are held in Beijing.
Equestrian events take place in Hong Kong.

12 May 2008
SICHUAN EARTHQUAKE
An earthquake with a magnitude of 8 on the Richter scale in Wenchuan county, Sichuan causes over 400,000 casualties.


August 2008
The 29 th Olympic Games and the 13 th Paralympics Games are held in Beijing.
Equestrian events take place in Hong Kong.

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2008

 

10 January 2007
The State Council announces its approval for financial ...
9 July 2007
The Government issues ...

10 January 2007
The State Council announces its approval for financial institutions on the Mainland to issue renminbi-denominated bonds in Hong Kong. The first issue of renminbi bonds is launched in July 2007.


9 July 2007
The Government issues new $10 polymer notes. (Illustration: image of new $10 polymer notes)

10 January 2007
The State Council announces its approval for financial institutions on the Mainland to issue renminbi-denominated bonds in Hong Kong. The first issue of renminbi bonds is launched in July 2007.


9 July 2007
The Government issues new $10 polymer notes. (Illustration: image of new $10 polymer notes)

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July 2007
US SUB-PRIME MORTGAGE
The sub-prime mortgage problem in US leads to credit concerns in ...

July 2007
US SUB-PRIME MORTGAGE
The sub-prime mortgage problem in US leads to credit concerns in global markets.

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2007
Two more countries join the European Union...


2007
Two more countries join the European Union, bringing the size of the Union to 27 countries. Until the end of 2010, twenty-two of the countries are using euros as their legal tender.


2007
Two more countries join the European Union, bringing the size of the Union to 27 countries. Until the end of 2010, twenty-two of the countries are using euros as their legal tender.

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2007

 

6 March 2006
The Renminbi Settlement System is launched...
4 September 2006
The Hong Kong banking...

6 March 2006
The Renminbi Settlement System is launched.

4 September 2006
The Hong Kong banking industry implements a five-day clearing week.

25 September 2006
The Deposit Protection Scheme commences operation.

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2006

13-18 December 2005
The Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization takes place in Hong Kong.


13 - 18 December 2005
The Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization takes place in Hong Kong.


13 - 18 December 2005
The Sixth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization takes place in Hong Kong.

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18 May 2005
The Hong Kong Monetary ...
6 July 2005
The Banking (Amendment) Ordinance 2005 ...

18 May 2005
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority announces three refinements to the operation of the Linked Exchange Rate system.


6 July 2005
The Banking (Amendment) Ordinance 2005 is passed to provide a legislative framework for the implementation of Basel ll in Hong Kong.

18 May 2005
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority announces three refinements to the operation of the Linked Exchange Rate system.


6 July 2005
The Banking (Amendment) Ordinance 2005 is passed to provide a legislative framework for the implementation of Basel ll in Hong Kong.

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21 July 2005
The People's Bank of China announces reform...

21 July 2005
The People's Bank of China announces reform of the renminbi exchange rate regime.

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2005

 

February 2004
Launch of Renminbi Business Scheme in Hong Kong. The scheme initially covers renminbi ...

February 2004
Launch of Renminbi Business Scheme in Hong Kong. The scheme initially covers renminbi banking services of deposit-taking, currency exchange, remittance and debit and credit cards, and is expanded over the years.

July 2004
The Clearing and Settlement Systems Ordinance is enacted.

October 2004
The Commercial Credit Reference Agency opens in Hong Kong.

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2004
BASEL II
The Basel Committee on...

2004
BASEL II
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision issues a revised framework on capital standards aimed at aligning capital adequacy assessment more closely with key banking risks.

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26 December 2004
Indian Ocean tsunami...

26 December 2004
Indian Ocean tsunami.

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2004

March to June 2003
Outbreak of SARS…
June 2003
Sign the CEPA…


March to June 2003
Outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). 1,755 people in Hong Kong are infected and 299 people die.


June 2003
The Mainland and Hong Kong sign the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA).


March to June 2003
Outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). 1,755 people in Hong Kong are infected and 299 people die.


June 2003
The Mainland and Hong Kong sign the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA).

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June 2003
Exchange of letters between the Financial Secretary and the Monetary Authority, on functions and...


June 2003
Exchange of letters between the Financial Secretary and the Monetary Authority, on functions and responsibilities in monetary and financial affairs.

2003 - 2004
The three note-issuing banks issue the 2003 Series Banknotes.

2003
First transaction through Hong Kong's new euro dollar clearing system.


June 2003
Exchange of letters between the Financial Secretary and the Monetary Authority, on functions and responsibilities in monetary and financial affairs.

2003 - 2004
The three note-issuing banks issue the 2003 Series Banknotes.

2003
First transaction through Hong Kong's new euro dollar clearing system.

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2003 to 2005
ASIAN BOND FUND (ABF)
The Executives' Meeting of East Asia Pacific ...

2003 to 2005
Asian Bond Fund (ABF)
The Executives' Meeting of East Asia Pacific Central Banks launch ABFI and ABFII during 2003–2005 to develop the Asian bond market. Two component funds of ABF2 are listed on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong in June and July 2005.

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2003
China puts a man in space.
2003 - 2004
War in Iraq.


2003
China puts a man in space.

2003 - 2004
War in Iraq.


2003
China puts a man in space.

2003 - 2004
War in Iraq.

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2003

 

2002
The Government issues new $10 currency notes.


2002
The Government issues new $10 currency notes.


2002
The Government issues new $10 currency notes.

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2002
Euro coins and notes are introduced.
February 2002
The US dollar nominal...


2002
Euro coins and notes are introduced.

2002
The Argentina peso is devalued.


February 2002
The US dollar nominal effective exchange rate index peaks at 130.2.


2002
Euro coins and notes are introduced.

2002
The Argentina peso is devalued.


February 2002
The US dollar nominal effective exchange rate index peaks at 130.2.

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2002

 

2001
The International Monetary Fund opens a sub-office in Hong Kong...

2001
The International Monetary Fund opens a sub-office in Hong Kong.

2001
Interest Rate Rules are completely deregulated. Banks are free to set interest rates for all types of deposits.

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2001
China enters the World Trade Organisation.


2001
China enters the World Trade Organisation.


2001
China enters the World Trade Organisation.

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2001
Terrorists attack the World Trade Center in New York.

2001

 

2000
First transaction using Hong Kong's new US dollar clearing system.

   

2000

 

1999
The Tracker Fund of Hong Kong is established as a vehicle for gradually disposing...


1999
The Tracker Fund of Hong Kong is established as a vehicle for gradually disposing of the majority of the stocks acquired by the Exchange Fund in the 1998 market operation.


1999
The Tracker Fund of Hong Kong is established as a vehicle for gradually disposing of the majority of the stocks acquired by the Exchange Fund in the 1998 market operation.

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1999
The euro is introduced.


1999
The euro is introduced.

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1999

1998
Hong Kong International Airport opens at Chek Lap Kok.


1998
Hong Kong International Airport opens at Chek Lap Kok.


1998
Hong Kong International Airport opens at Chek Lap Kok.

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August 1998
MARKET OPERATION
Using HK$118 billion out of the Exchange Fund, the Hong Kong Government...


August 1998
MARKET OPERATION
Using HK$118 billion out of the Exchange Fund, the Hong Kong Government launches a stock market operation to frustrate manipulation of the money and stock markets.

1998
The HKMA introduces seven technical measures to strengthen the Currency Board arrangements.

1998
Exchange Fund Investment Limited is set up to manage the portfolio of Hang Seng Index constituent stocks acquired by the Exchange Fund in the market operation of August.


August 1998
MARKET OPERATION
Using HK$118 billion out of the Exchange Fund, the Hong Kong Government launches a stock market operation to frustrate manipulation of the money and stock markets.

1998
The HKMA introduces seven technical measures to strengthen the Currency Board arrangements.

1998
Exchange Fund Investment Limited is set up to manage the portfolio of Hang Seng Index constituent stocks acquired by the Exchange Fund in the market operation of August.

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1998

1 July 1997
Hong Kong becomes a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.


1 July 1997
Hong Kong becomes a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.


1997
The octopus card appears in Hong Kong.


1 July 1997
Hong Kong becomes a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.


1997
The octopus card appears in Hong Kong.

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1997
World Bank / IMF meetings take place in Hong Kong...
1997 - 2007
ECONOMIC DOWNTURN...


1997
World Bank / IMF meetings take place in Hong Kong.

1 July 1997
THE ASSETS OF THE LAND FUND are handed over to the Hong Kong SAR Government with a net value of $197 billion.
From July 1997 to 31 October 1998 these assets are managed by the HKMA as a separate fund within the fiscal reserves. On 1 November 1998 the assets of the Land Fund are merged with the Exchange Fund and managed as part of the investment portfolio of the Exchange Fund.


1997
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation is established.

1997-2007
ECONOMIC DOWNTURN AND RECOVERY
After the Asian Financial Crisis, Hong Kong experiences a period of prolonged economic difficulty, relieved only by a brief recovery between 1999 and 2000. A series of external shocks, coupled with sharp declines in asset prices, results in high unemployment, deflation and fiscal deficits. Hong Kong's economy starts to rebound in the second half of 2003.


1997
World Bank / IMF meetings take place in Hong Kong.

1 July 1997
THE ASSETS OF THE LAND FUND are handed over to the Hong Kong SAR Government with a net value of $197 billion.
From July 1997 to 31 October 1998 these assets are managed by the HKMA as a separate fund within the fiscal reserves. On 1 November 1998 the assets of the Land Fund are merged with the Exchange Fund and managed as part of the investment portfolio of the Exchange Fund.


1997
The Hong Kong Mortgage Corporation is established.

1997-2007
ECONOMIC DOWNTURN AND RECOVERY
After the Asian Financial Crisis, Hong Kong experiences a period of prolonged economic difficulty, relieved only by a brief recovery between 1999 and 2000. A series of external shocks, coupled with sharp declines in asset prices, results in high unemployment, deflation and fiscal deficits. Hong Kong's economy starts to rebound in the second half of 2003.

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1997 - 1998
Financial crisis in several Asian countries including South Korea, Indonesia and Thailand.


1997 - 1998
Financial crisis in several Asian countries including South Korea, Indonesia and Thailand.


1997 - 1998
Financial crisis in several Asian countries including South Korea, Indonesia and Thailand.

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1997

 

1996
The Exchange Fund acquires the De La Rue...
Real Time Gross Settlement System...


1996
The Exchange Fund acquires the De La Rue banknote printing plant in Tai Po, which is renamed "Hong Kong Note Printing Ltd".

1996
Real Time Gross Settlement system launched in Hong Kong, enabling interbank payments to be settled real time.


1996
The Exchange Fund acquires the De La Rue banknote printing plant in Tai Po, which is renamed "Hong Kong Note Printing Ltd".

1996
Real Time Gross Settlement system launched in Hong Kong, enabling interbank payments to be settled real time.

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1996

 

1995
Hong Kong Interbank Clearing Limited…
The Companies Ordinance…

1995
Hong Kong Interbank Clearing Limited is established to provide interbank clearing functions in Hong Kong.

1995
The Companies Ordinance is amended so that depositors are entitled to receive priority payment in the liquidation of banks.

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1995
·Barings Bank collapses.
·Mexican peso crisis.
·World Trade Organisation established

 

1995

 

1994
Bank of China issues its first Hong Kong banknotes.


1994
Bank of China issues its first Hong Kong banknotes.


1994
Bank of China issues its first Hong Kong banknotes.

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1994

1993
Central – Mid-levels escalator, longest in world, opens.

1993
The Hong Kong Monetary
Authority is established...


1993
The Hong Kong Government starts to replace the Queen's Head coins with the new bauhinia design.


1 April 1993
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority is established with responsibility for monetary and banking stability, reserves management, and financial infrastructure.


1993
The Hong Kong Government starts to replace the Queen's Head coins with the new bauhinia design.


1 April 1993
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority is established with responsibility for monetary and banking stability, reserves management, and financial infrastructure.

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1993
The European Exchange Rate Mechanism is reorganised following speculation: the width of the...

1993
The European Exchange Rate Mechanism is reorganised following speculation: the width of the official currency bands is increased greatly in order to preserve the system.

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1993

   

1992
Sterling leaves the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

 

1992

 

1991
Bank of Credit and Commerce Hong Kong Ltd closes down. Rumours trigger runs on a few banks.


1991
Bank of Credit and Commerce Hong Kong Ltd closes down. Rumours trigger runs on a few banks.


1991
Bank of Credit and Commerce Hong Kong Ltd closes down. Rumours trigger runs on a few banks.

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1991
Bank of Credit and Commerce International collapses in one of the world's biggest banking fraud scandals.

1991
Gulf War.

1991

1990
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China...


1990
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, providing for the systems and basic policies to be practised from 1 July 1997, is promulgated.


1990
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, providing for the systems and basic policies to be practised from 1 July 1997, is promulgated.

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1990
A new three-tier banking system, composed of...
Exchange Fund Bills...

1990
A new three-tier banking system, composed of licensed banks, restricted licence banks and deposit-taking companies, is established.

1990
Exchange Fund Bills are launched. The Exchange Fund Bills Programme later expands to debt issue of longer maturity of up to fifteen years.

1990
A new three-tier banking system, composed of licensed banks, restricted licence banks and deposit-taking companies, is established.

1990
Exchange Fund Bills are launched. The Exchange Fund Bills Programme later expands to debt issue of longer maturity of up to fifteen years.

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1990
EUROPEAN EXCHANGE RATE MECHANISM
INTRODUCED
The countries of the European...

1990
EUROPEAN EXCHANGE RATE MECHANISM INTRODUCED
The countries of the European Union peg their exchange rates within bands around a central value.

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1990

       

1989

   

1988
BASEL I
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision sets out minimum capital....

1988
BASEL I
The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision sets out minimum capital adequacy requirements for banking institutions. This framework becomes the benchmark of banking solvency in over 100 economies.

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1988

 

October 1987
Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index plunges by 45% in three weeks. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is...


October 1987
Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index plunges by 45% in three weeks. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is suspended for four days from 20 to 23 October.


October 1987
Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index plunges by 45% in three weeks. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is suspended for four days from 20 to 23 October.

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1987
World stock market crash.
Seven countries (G-7) reach the Louvre Accord ...

1987
World stock market crash.

1987
Seven countries (G-7) reach the Louvre Accord in Paris to support the falling US dollar.

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1987

 

1986
A new Banking Ordinance is enacted by combining…
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LAND FUND...

1986
A new Banking Ordinance is enacted by combining the Banking Ordinance and the Deposit-taking Companies Ordinance.

1986
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LAND FUND for the purpose of sharing equally with the future Hong Kong SAR Government premium income received by the Hong Kong Government from land transactions between 27 May 1985 and 30 June 1997.

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1986

 

1985
The Hong Kong Government takes over Overseas Trust Bank Ltd.

1985
PLAZA ACCORD
Joint intervention and efforts to lower the value of the US dollar.

 

1985

December 1984
Britain and China sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration,which provides for China's resumption...


December 1984
Britain and China sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which provides for China's resumption of the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997 and guaranteeing the current social and economic systems in Hong Kong and rights and freedoms for 50 years from 1997.


December 1984
Britain and China sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which provides for China's resumption of the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997 and guaranteeing the current social and economic systems in Hong Kong and rights and freedoms for 50 years from 1997.

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1984
De La Rue establishes a note-printing plant in Tai Po.

   

1984

September 1983
Confidence in Hong Kong plunges as talks on Hong Kong's future reach a deadlock...

September 1983
Confidence in Hong Kong plunges as talks on Hong Kong's future reach a deadlock. The deadlock is resolved later in the year as British negotiators confirm that they will no longer insist on British administration of Hong Kong after 1997.

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15 October 1983
LINKED EXCHANGE RATE
At a time of financial crisis and political uncertainty about Hong Kong...


15 October 1983
LINKED EXCHANGE RATE
At a time of financial crisis and political uncertainty about Hong Kong's future, the Hong Kong Government links the Hong Kong dollar to the US dollar at a fixed exchange rate of 7.8 Hong Kong dollars to 1 US dollar under a currency board system.

1983
The Hong Kong Government takes over Hang Lung Bank.


15 October 1983
LINKED EXCHANGE RATE
At a time of financial crisis and political uncertainty about Hong Kong's future, the Hong Kong Government links the Hong Kong dollar to the US dollar at a fixed exchange rate of 7.8 Hong Kong dollars to 1 US dollar under a currency board system.

1983
The Hong Kong Government takes over Hang Lung Bank.

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1983

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 
 

2017年4月1日
金管局設立 ...
2017年6月7日
香港成為亞 ...

2017年4月1日
金管局設立處置機制辦公室,以落實適用於銀行的香港處置機制。根據《處置機制條例》設立的處置機制於2017年7月生效。

2017年6月7日
香港成為亞洲基礎設施投資銀行(亞投行)成員。

2017年6月8日
金管局宣佈私人財富管理公會採納《私人財富管理行業公平待客約章》。

2017年7月3日
「債券通」開通,為境外機構投資者買賣內地市場的債券提供便捷的跨境平台。
「債券通」開通

2017年9月29日
金管局公布一系列推動香港邁向智慧銀行新紀元的措施。

2017年11月15日
金管局與新加坡金融管理局於新加坡交換諒解備忘錄,合作開發「全球貿易連接網絡」推動兩地以至區內及全球的貿易及貿易融資業務數碼化。

2017年11月28日
金管局推出「金融科技監管沙盒」2.0版其中一項新增功能「金融科技監管聊天室」。

2017年12月20日
國家開發銀行於香港首次發行「一帶一路債券」,為「一帶一路」國家的項目提供融資。

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2017

 

2016年3月
金管局成立 ...
2016年7月
金管局成立 ...

2016年3月21日
金管局成立「金融科技促進辦公室」,推動香港發展為亞洲區金融科技樞紐。
金管局成立「金融科技促進辦公室」
金融科技促進辦公室推出「金融科技人才培育計劃」作為其為香港建立金融科技人才庫的舉措之一。

2016年7月4日
金管局成立「基建融資促進辦公室」,推動發展香港為基建融資樞紐。
金管局成立「基建融資促進辦公室」

2016年7月20日
廣東省(包括深圳)與香港之間的電子支票聯合結算啟動。

2016年8月12日
在政府債券計劃下發行首批銀色債券。
發行首批銀色債券

2016年8月25日
金管局宣布批出首批5個儲值支付工具牌照。

2016年9月6日
金管局推出「金融科技監管沙盒」,讓銀行在全面推出金融科技項目前可預先試行。

2016年11月11日
金管局與香港應用科技研究院合作成立「金融科技創新中心」,以助試驗嶄新的金融科技技術。
金管局與香港應用科技研究院合作成立「金融科技創新中心」

2016年12月5日
「深港通」開通。
「深港通」開通

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2016

 

2015年7月
金管局宣布推出 ...
2015年9月
香港按揭證券有限 ...

2015年7月9日
首批總值10 億美元5 年期伊斯蘭債券在政府債券計劃下發行。

2015年9月15日
香港按揭證券有限公司與銀行攜手推出補價易貸款保險計劃,協助50歲或以上的香港資助房屋業主補地價。

2015年11月13日
《支付系統及儲值支付工具條例》下的儲值支付工具及零售支付系統監管制度生效。

2015年12月7日
電子支票服務推出,讓銀行客戶可方便省時地在網上簽發及存入支票。 電子支票服務推出

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2015年12月
國際貨幣基金組織 ...
2015年12月
美國聯邦儲備局 ...

2015年12月1日
國際貨幣基金組織宣布基金組織執行董事會在11月30日的會議上決定將人民幣納入特別提款權貨幣籃子,新的特別提款權貨幣籃子將於2016年10月1日起生效。

2015年12月16日
美國聯邦儲備局調高美國聯邦基金利率的目標範圍25基點,是近十年來首次加息。金管局亦按照預設公式將基本利率上調25基點至0.75厘。

 

2015

 

2014年9月
首批總值10 億美元 ...
2014年9月
金管局推出硬幣 ...

2014年9月18日
首批總值10 億美元5 年期伊斯蘭債券在政府債券計劃下發行。

2014年9月19日
the Coin Collection Programme
金管局推出硬幣收集計劃,方便市民在現有銀行體系以外找換手上硬幣。

2014年11月1日
金管局成為東南亞中央銀行組織 (SEACEN) 成員。

2014年11月17日
「滬港通」開通。
認可機構開始為香港居民進行不受限額限制的人民幣兌換。
「滬港通」開通

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2014年
國聯邦儲備局結束資產購買計劃。

 

2014

 

2013年1月
前海跨境人民幣貸款 ...
2013年2月
金管局於2013年2月6日 ...

2013年1月
前海跨境人民幣貸款業務於2013年1月開展。在前海註冊成立並在前海實際經營或投資的企業可以從香港經營人民幣業務的銀行借入人民幣資金。

2013年2月
金管局於2013年2月6日宣布一系列加?港元結算利率定價機制措施以有效提升香港銀行同業拆息定價機制的透明度及穩健性。

2013年6月
財資市場公會於2013年6月推出人民幣香港銀行同業拆息定價。拆息定價為貸款產品提供參考基準,並促進各種人民幣利率產品的發展。

由金管局聯同銀行業界制訂的《公平待客約章》正式啟動
2013年10月
全港22家零售銀行於2013年10月28日在金管局舉行的啟動儀式上簽署《公平待客約章》,表明業界不但承諾公平待客,還會強化銀行內各階層與客戶業務交往的整個過程中的公平待客文化。

消費者教育推廣計劃
2013年11月
金管局推出消費者教育推廣計劃,以協助市民更精明及負責任地使用銀行服務。

2013年12月
由金管局聯同業界開發的電子賬單及繳費服務平台於2013年12月11日啟動。這是一個結合電子賬單發放及繳費功能的綜合平台,讓市民體驗更快捷便利的賬單支付服務。

2013年1月
前海跨境人民幣貸款業務於2013年1月開展。在前海註冊成立並在前海實際經營或投資的企業可以從香港經營人民幣業務的銀行借入人民幣資金。

2013年2月
金管局於2013年2月6日宣布一系列加?港元結算利率定價機制措施以有效提升香港銀行同業拆息定價機制的透明度及穩健性。

2013年6月
財資市場公會於2013年6月推出人民幣香港銀行同業拆息定價。拆息定價為貸款產品提供參考基準,並促進各種人民幣利率產品的發展。

由金管局聯同銀行業界制訂的《公平待客約章》正式啟動
2013年10月
全港22家零售銀行於2013年10月28日在金管局舉行的啟動儀式上簽署《公平待客約章》,表明業界不但承諾公平待客,還會強化銀行內各階層與客戶業務交往的整個過程中的公平待客文化。

消費者教育推廣計劃
2013年11月
金管局推出消費者教育推廣計劃,以協助市民更精明及負責任地使用銀行服務。

2013年12月
由金管局聯同業界開發的電子賬單及繳費服務平台於2013年12月11日啟動。這是一個結合電子賬單發放及繳費功能的綜合平台,讓市民體驗更快捷便利的賬單支付服務。

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2013

2012年6月29日
香港按揭證券有限公司與
六家銀行及五間非政府機
構攜手推出小型貸款計劃 ...

2012年6月29日
香港按揭證券有限公司與六家銀行及五間非政府機構攜手推出小型貸款計劃,在香港提供三類貸款,希望幫助創業人士、自僱人士及想接受培訓、提高技能或考取專業資格以達到自我提升的人士,並為借款人提供相關的配套支援。

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2012年9月
人民幣貨幣期貨 ...
2012年10月
首隻人民幣股票 ...

2012年9月
人民幣貨幣期貨在香港上市。

2012年10月
首隻人民幣股票在香港上市。

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2012年2月29日
《2013年銀行業(資本) ...
2012年9月
美國聯邦儲備局宣佈推出 ...

2012年2月29日
《2013年銀行業(資本)(修訂)規則》通過,提供法律框架,以在香港實施巴塞爾銀行監管委員會於2010年12月發出的銀行資本及流動性監管制度 -《巴塞爾協定三》。《巴塞爾協定三》是根據巴塞爾委員會早前發出的《巴塞爾協定一》、《巴塞爾協定二》及《巴塞爾協定二點五》的標準制定的。

2012年9月
美國聯邦儲備局宣佈推出第三輪量化寬鬆措施。

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2012

 

2011年1月1日
香港按揭證券有限公司...
2011年11月22日
中國人民銀行與香港...

2011年1月1日
香港按揭證券有限公司推出中小企融資擔保計劃,協助本港中小企取得穩定的銀行融資。

2011年1月13日
中國人民銀行公布管理辦法,允許內地企業以人民幣進行對外直接投資。


2011年7月11日
香港按揭證券有限公司推出安老按揭計劃,鼓勵銀行向60歲或以上的長者提供安老按揭貸款。


2011年8月
國務院副總理李克強訪港,公布一系列支持香港離岸人民幣業務中心發展的措施,包括擴大跨境貿易人民幣結算範圍、支持企業使用人民幣到內地直接投資、允許以人民幣境外合格機構投資者方式投資內地證券市場、開展外資銀行以人民幣增資試點、擴大內地機構(包括金融機構和企業)在香港發行人民幣債券。

2011年10月14日
中國人民銀行及商務部公布有關外商直接投資人民幣結算的管理辦法。


2011年11月22日
中國人民銀行與香港金融管理局續簽為期3年的貨幣互換協議,而互換規模擴大至4,000億元人民幣。

2011年1月1日
香港按揭證券有限公司推出中小企融資擔保計劃,協助本港中小企取得穩定的銀行融資。

2011年1月13日
中國人民銀行公布管理辦法,允許內地企業以人民幣進行對外直接投資。


2011年7月11日
香港按揭證券有限公司推出安老按揭計劃,鼓勵銀行向60歲或以上的長者提供安老按揭貸款。


2011年8月
國務院副總理李克強訪港,公布一系列支持香港離岸人民幣業務中心發展的措施,包括擴大跨境貿易人民幣結算範圍、支持企業使用人民幣到內地直接投資、允許以人民幣境外合格機構投資者方式投資內地證券市場、開展外資銀行以人民幣增資試點、擴大內地機構(包括金融機構和企業)在香港發行人民幣債券。

2011年10月14日
中國人民銀行及商務部公布有關外商直接投資人民幣結算的管理辦法。


2011年11月22日
中國人民銀行與香港金融管理局續簽為期3年的貨幣互換協議,而互換規模擴大至4,000億元人民幣。

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2011年8月
評級機構標準普爾歷史性把美國的主權信貸評級最高的「AAA」下調一級至「AA+」 。

2011年3月
日本東北受地震、海嘯及核危機侵襲。

2011

 

2010年6月30日
2010年存款保障計劃...
2010年7月19日
金管局與人民銀行簽訂...

2010年6月30日
《2010年存款保障計劃(修訂)條例草案》通過,保障額上限由十萬港元提高至五十萬港元。


2010年7月19日
金管局與人民銀行簽訂補充合作備忘錄,以配合經修訂的香港人民幣業務清算協議的落實。


2010年7月20日
金管局及3間發鈔銀行公布發行新系列鈔票。新鈔具備先進的防偽特徵,並加入方便視障人士的無障礙特徵。


2010年11月22日
中央政府財政部金融司與香港金融管理局簽訂《關於使用債務工具中央結算系統發行人民幣國債的合作備忘錄》。

2010年6月30日
《2010年存款保障計劃(修訂)條例草案》通過,保障額上限由十萬港元提高至五十萬港元。


2010年7月19日
金管局與人民銀行簽訂補充合作備忘錄,以配合經修訂的香港人民幣業務清算協議的落實。


2010年7月20日
金管局及3間發鈔銀行公布發行新系列鈔票。新鈔具備先進的防偽特徵,並加入方便視障人士的無障礙特徵。


2010年11月22日
中央政府財政部金融司與香港金融管理局簽訂《關於使用債務工具中央結算系統發行人民幣國債的合作備忘錄》。

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2010年4月
歐洲債務危機。
2010年11月3日
美國聯邦儲備局宣佈...

2010年4月
歐洲債務危機。

2010年11月3日
美國聯邦儲備局宣佈推出第二輪量化寬鬆措施。

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2010年5月
中國上海舉辦第四十一屆世界博覽會。


2010年5月
中國上海舉辦第四十一屆世界博覽會。


2010年5月
中國上海舉辦第四十一屆世界博覽會。

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2010

2009年12月
香港舉辦第五屆東亞運動會。


2009年12月
香港舉辦第五屆東亞運動會。
Note:Use of logo, approval obtained from the 2009 East Asian Games (HK) Limited on 24.12.2009.


2009年12月
香港舉辦第五屆東亞運動會。
Note:Use of logo, approval obtained from the 2009 East Asian Games (HK) Limited on 24.12.2009.

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2009年7月
香港推出人民幣跨境...
2009年10月1日
陳德霖接替於2009年...


2009年10月1日
陳德霖接替於2009年9月30日退休的任志剛,履新金融管理專員。


2009年7月
香港推出人民幣跨境貿易結算服務,讓企業可運用人民幣與內地對手方結算交易。有關結算服務於2010年進一步擴大。

2009年10月
60億元人民幣國債在香港發行,這是人民幣國債首次在內地以外地區發行。


2009年10月1日
陳德霖接替於2009年9月30日退休的任志剛,履新金融管理專員。


2009年7月
香港推出人民幣跨境貿易結算服務,讓企業可運用人民幣與內地對手方結算交易。有關結算服務於2010年進一步擴大。

2009年10月
60億元人民幣國債在香港發行,這是人民幣國債首次在內地以外地區發行。

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2009

   

2008年9月14日
雷曼兄弟於2008年9月14日...
2008年至2009年
環球金融危機
美國...

2008年9月14日
雷曼兄弟於2008年9月14日宣布申請破產保護,影響環球金融場及雷曼相關產品的投資者,包括香港的一般投資者。


2008年至2009年
環球金融危機
美國次級按揭問題演變為環球金融危機,全球以至本地經濟皆步入衰退。
環球中央銀行採取寬鬆的貨幣政策及向銀行體系注資以恢復市場信心。美國聯邦儲備局在12月減低聯邦基金目標利率至0%至0.25%之間的歷史新低。二十國集團及金融穩定委員會致力提出鞏固世界金融體系的進一步建議。
環球經濟於2009年步出衰退。

2008年9月14日
雷曼兄弟於2008年9月14日宣布申請破產保護,影響環球金融場及雷曼相關產品的投資者,包括香港的一般投資者。


2008年至2009年
環球金融危機
美國次級按揭問題演變為環球金融危機,全球以至本地經濟皆步入衰退。
環球中央銀行採取寬鬆的貨幣政策及向銀行體系注資以恢復市場信心。美國聯邦儲備局在12月減低聯邦基金目標利率至0%至0.25%之間的歷史新低。二十國集團及金融穩定委員會致力提出鞏固世界金融體系的進一步建議。
環球經濟於2009年步出衰退。

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2008年5月12日
中國四川省汶川大地震...
2008年8月
北京舉辦第29屆奧運會...

2008年5月12日
中國四川省汶川大地震
四川省汶川發生黎克特制8級大地震,超過400,000人傷亡。


2008年8月
北京舉辦第29屆奧運會及第13屆殘奧會,馬術項目於香港舉行。

2008年5月12日
中國四川省汶川大地震
四川省汶川發生黎克特制8級大地震,超過400,000人傷亡。


2008年8月
北京舉辦第29屆奧運會及第13屆殘奧會,馬術項目於香港舉行。

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2008

 

2007年1月10日
國務院宣布內地金融機構...
2007年7月9日
港府發行新的10元塑質鈔票。

2007年1月10日
國務院宣布內地金融機構可於香港發行人民幣債券,首筆人民債券於2007年7月在香港發行。


2007年7月9日
港府發行新的10元塑質鈔票。

2007年1月10日
國務院宣布內地金融機構可於香港發行人民幣債券,首筆人民債券於2007年7月在香港發行。


2007年7月9日
港府發行新的10元塑質鈔票。

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2007年7月
美國次級按揭
美國次按問題引起全球對信貸關注。

2007年7月
美國次級按揭
美國次按問題引起全球對信貸關注。

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2007年
歐盟再有2個國家加入,成員國數目達到27個


2007年
歐盟再有2個國家加入,成員國數目達到27個。直至2010年底,其中22個國家使用歐元作為法定貨幣。


2007年
歐盟再有2個國家加入,成員國數目達到27個。直至2010年底,其中22個國家使用歐元作為法定貨幣。

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2007

 

2006年3月6日
人民幣交收系統啟用。
2006年9月4日
香港銀行業推行...

2006年3月6日
人民幣交收系統啟用。

2006年9月4日
香港銀行業推行每週5天結算。

2006年9月25日
存款保障計劃開始運作。

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2006

2005年12月13-18日
世界貿易組織第6屆部長級會議在香港舉行。


2005年12月13-18日
世界貿易組織第6屆部長級會議在香港舉行。


2005年12月13-18日
世界貿易組織第6屆部長級會議在香港舉行。

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2005年5月18日
香港金融管理局宣佈推出...
2005年7月6日
《2005年銀行業(修訂)...

2005年5月18日
香港金融管理局宣布推出聯繫匯率制度運作的3項優化措施。


2005年7月6日
《2005年銀行業(修訂)條例》於立法會通過,目的是設立法律架構,藉以配合在香港實施《資本協定二》。

2005年5月18日
香港金融管理局宣布推出聯繫匯率制度運作的3項優化措施。


2005年7月6日
《2005年銀行業(修訂)條例》於立法會通過,目的是設立法律架構,藉以配合在香港實施《資本協定二》。

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2005年7月21日
中國人民銀行宣布改革人民幣匯率形成機制。

2005年7月21日
中國人民銀行宣布改革人民幣匯率形成機制。

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2005

 

2004年2月
香港人民幣業務安排推出。有關安排初期包括銀行提供的人民幣存款、兌換...

2004年2月
香港人民幣業務安排推出。有關安排初期包括銀行提供的人民幣存款、兌換、匯款及銀行卡服務;其後範圍逐步擴大。

2004年7月
《結算及交收系統條例》獲通過。

2004年10月
商業信貸資料服務機構在香港成立。

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2004
<<資本協定二>>
巴塞爾銀行監管委員會...

2004年
《資本協定二》
巴塞爾銀行監管委員會發出經修訂的資本標準架構,使資本充足評估更貼近主要的銀行業風險。

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2004年12月26日
印度洋海嘯

2004年12月26日
印度洋海嘯。

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2004

2003年3月至6月
爆發非典型肺炎疫症...
2003年6月
內地與香港簽訂...


2003年3月至6月
爆發非典型肺炎疫症。1,755名香港市民受感染,299人死亡。


2003年6月
內地與香港簽訂「更緊密經貿關係安排」。


2003年3月至6月
爆發非典型肺炎疫症。1,755名香港市民受感染,299人死亡。


2003年6月
內地與香港簽訂「更緊密經貿關係安排」。

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2003年6月
公布財政司司長與金融管理專員有關貨幣與金融事務方面的職能與...


2003年6月
公布財政司司長與金融管理專員有關貨幣與金融事務方面的職能與責任的互換函件。

2003 - 2004
3間發鈔銀行發行2003系列鈔票。

2003
香港的新歐元結算系統處理首宗交易。


2003年6月
公布財政司司長與金融管理專員有關貨幣與金融事務方面的職能與責任的互換函件。

2003 - 2004
3間發鈔銀行發行2003系列鈔票。

2003
香港的新歐元結算系統處理首宗交易。

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2003至2005年
亞洲債券基金
東亞及太平洋地區中央銀行會議於2003至2005年間推出...

2003至2005年
亞洲債券基金
東亞及太平洋地區中央銀行會議於2003至2005年間推出亞洲債券基金I和II,以發展亞洲債券市場。亞洲債券基金II的兩個組成基金於2005年6月及7月在香港聯合交易所上市。

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2003
中國人首次上太空。
2003 - 2004
伊拉克戰爭。


2003
中國人首次上太空。

2003 - 2004
伊拉克戰爭。


2003
中國人首次上太空。

2003 - 2004
伊拉克戰爭。

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2003

 

2002
港府發行新的10元紙幣。


2002
港府發行新的10元紙幣。


2002
港府發行新的10元紙幣。

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2002
推出歐元硬幣及紙幣。
2002年2月
美元加權平均匯率指...


2002
推出歐元硬幣及紙幣。

2002
阿根廷披索貶值。


2002年2月
美元加權平均匯率指數升上130.2的高位。


2002
推出歐元硬幣及紙幣。

2002
阿根廷披索貶值。


2002年2月
美元加權平均匯率指數升上130.2的高位。

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2002

 

2001
國際貨幣基金組織成立香港分處。
完全撤銷利率規則...

2001
國際貨幣基金組織成立香港分處。

2001
完全撤銷利率規則,銀行可自行釐定各類存款的利率。

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2001
中國加入世界貿易組織。


2001
中國加入世界貿易組織。


2001
中國加入世界貿易組織。

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2001
恐怖分子襲擊紐約世貿中心。

2001

 

2000
香港的新美元結算系統處理首宗交易。

   

2000

 

1999
盈富基金成立,負責循序漸進地出售外匯基金在1998年入市行動中...


1999年
盈富基金成立,負責循序漸進地出售外匯基金在1998年入市行動中所購入的大部分股票。


1999年
盈富基金成立,負責循序漸進地出售外匯基金在1998年入市行動中所購入的大部分股票。

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1999
歐洲單一貨幣「歐元」面世。


1999年
歐洲單一貨幣「歐元」面世。

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1999

1998
位於赤鱲角的香港國際機場啟用。


1998
位於赤鱲角的香港國際機場啟用。


1998
位於赤鱲角的香港國際機場啟用。

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1998年8月
入市行動
特區政府動用約1,180億港元外匯基金進行入市行動...


1998年8月
入市行動
特區政府動用約1,180億港元外匯基金進行入市行動,以打擊貨幣及股票市場的雙邊操控活動。

1998
金管局推出7項強化貨幣發行局制度的技術性措施。

1998
外匯基金投資有限公司成立,負責管理外匯基金在8月份入市行動中所購入的恒指成分股。


1998年8月
入市行動
特區政府動用約1,180億港元外匯基金進行入市行動,以打擊貨幣及股票市場的雙邊操控活動。

1998
金管局推出7項強化貨幣發行局制度的技術性措施。

1998
外匯基金投資有限公司成立,負責管理外匯基金在8月份入市行動中所購入的恒指成分股。

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1998

1997年7月1日
香港成為中華人民共和國的特別行政區。
1997
八逹通卡...


1997年7月1日
香港成為中華人民共和國的特別行政區。


1997
八達通卡在香港面世。


1997年7月1日
香港成為中華人民共和國的特別行政區。


1997
八達通卡在香港面世。

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1997
世界銀行 / 國際貨幣基...
1997 - 2007
經濟衰退與復甦...


1997
世界銀行 / 國際貨幣基金組織會議在香港舉行。

1997年7月1日
土地基金的資產移交予香港特區政府,淨值達1,970億元。1997年7月至1998年10月31日期間,這些資產作為財政儲備內的一項獨立基金由金管局負責管理。土地基金的資產在1998年11月1日併入外匯基金,作為外匯基金投資組合的一部分來管理。


1997
香港按揭證券有限公司成立。

1997-2007
經濟衰退與復甦
亞洲金融危機後,香港經濟陷入了一段漫長而艱苦的時期,僅於1999與2000年間出現過短暫的復甦。連串外來震盪,加上資產價格急挫,令失業率大幅攀升,並出現通縮及財赤。香港經濟在2003年下半年開始復甦。


1997
世界銀行 / 國際貨幣基金組織會議在香港舉行。

1997年7月1日
土地基金的資產移交予香港特區政府,淨值達1,970億元。1997年7月至1998年10月31日期間,這些資產作為財政儲備內的一項獨立基金由金管局負責管理。土地基金的資產在1998年11月1日併入外匯基金,作為外匯基金投資組合的一部分來管理。


1997
香港按揭證券有限公司成立。

1997-2007
經濟衰退與復甦
亞洲金融危機後,香港經濟陷入了一段漫長而艱苦的時期,僅於1999與2000年間出現過短暫的復甦。連串外來震盪,加上資產價格急挫,令失業率大幅攀升,並出現通縮及財赤。香港經濟在2003年下半年開始復甦。

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1997 - 1998
南韓、印尼及泰國等多個亞洲國家發生金融危機。


1997 - 1998
南韓、印尼及泰國等多個亞洲國家發生金融危機。


1997 - 1998
南韓、印尼及泰國等多個亞洲國家發生金融危機。

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1997

 

1996
外匯基金收購德拉魯...
即時支付結算系統在香港啟用...


1996
外匯基金收購德拉魯位於大埔的印鈔廠,將之改名「香港印鈔有限公司」。

1996
即時支付結算系統在香港啟用,為銀行同業支付提供即時結算服務。


1996
外匯基金收購德拉魯位於大埔的印鈔廠,將之改名「香港印鈔有限公司」。

1996
即時支付結算系統在香港啟用,為銀行同業支付提供即時結算服務。

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1996

 

1995
香港銀行同業結算有限公司成立...
修訂<<公司條例>>...

1995
香港銀行同業結算有限公司成立,負責提供本港銀行同業結算服務。

1995
修訂《公司條例》,使存戶在銀行清盤時有權獲得優先賠償存款。

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1995
霸菱銀行倒閉。
墨西哥披索危機。
世界貿易組織成立。

 

1995

 

1994
中國銀行首次發行港元紙幣。


1994
中國銀行首次發行港元紙幣。


1994
中國銀行首次發行港元紙幣。

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1994

1993
全球最長電梯 – 中環半山行人電梯 – 啟用。

1993
香港金融管理局成立...
港府開始推出洋紫荊...


1993
港府開始推出洋紫荊設計硬幣,以取代英女皇頭像設計的系列。


1993年4月1日
香港金融管理局成立,負責維持貨幣與銀行體系的穩定、儲備管理及金融基建方面的職能。


1993
港府開始推出洋紫荊設計硬幣,以取代英女皇頭像設計的系列。


1993年4月1日
香港金融管理局成立,負責維持貨幣與銀行體系的穩定、儲備管理及金融基建方面的職能。

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1993
歐洲匯率機制受投機活動影響而重組,官方的貨幣可容許波幅大為擴闊,藉以保存機制。

 

1993

   

1992
英鎊脫離歐洲匯率機制。

 

1992

 

1991
香港國際商業信貸銀行倒閉,市場傳言觸發多間銀行遭到擠提。


1991
香港國際商業信貸銀行倒閉,市場傳言觸發多間銀行遭到擠提。


1991
香港國際商業信貸銀行倒閉,市場傳言觸發多間銀行遭到擠提。

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1991
國際商業信貸銀行倒閉,為全球其中一宗最大型的銀行詐騙醜聞。

1991
波斯灣戰爭。

1991

1990
制定中華人民共和國香港特別行政區《基本法》...


1990
制定中華人民共和國香港特別行政區《基本法》,確立1997年7月1日在香港推行的各種制度及基本政策。


1990
制定中華人民共和國香港特別行政區《基本法》,確立1997年7月1日在香港推行的各種制度及基本政策。

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1990
設立新的三級銀行發牌制度...
推出首批外匯基金票據...

1990
設立新的三級銀行發牌制度,包括持牌銀行、有限制牌照銀行及接受存款公司。

1990
推出首批外匯基金票據。外匯基金票據計劃其後擴展至年期長達15年的債券。

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1990
歐洲匯率機制成立
歐盟成員國把本國貨幣的匯率定在該機制...

1990
歐洲匯率機制成立
歐盟成員國把本國貨幣的匯率定在該機制中間價的某個範圍內。

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1990

       

1989

   

1988
《資本協定一》
巴賽爾銀行監管委員會定出銀行機構的最低資本充足比率規定...

1988
《資本協定一》
巴賽爾銀行監管委員會定出銀行機構的最低資本充足比率規定。這個規定成為評估銀行償債能力的基準,獲百多個經濟體系採納。

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1988

 

1987年10月
香港恆生指數在3個星期內急挫45%,香港聯合交易所由10月20日至23日停市。


1987年10月
香港恆生指數在3個星期內急挫45%,香港聯合交易所由10月20日至23日停市。


1987年10月
香港恆生指數在3個星期內急挫45%,香港聯合交易所由10月20日至23日停市。

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1987
全球股災。
七大工業國在巴黎達成...

1987
全球股災。

1987
七大工業國在巴黎達成《羅浮宮協議》,支持正在下跌的美元。

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1987

 

1986
《銀行業條例》及《接受存款公司條例》...
成立土地基金...

1986
《銀行業條例》及《接受存款公司條例》合併成為《1986年銀行業條例》。

1986
成立土地基金,以便均分香港政府在1985年5月27日至1997年6月30日期間的賣地收入,並移交予日後成立的香港特區政府。

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1986

 

1985
港府接管海外信託銀行。

1985
達成《廣場協議》多國聯手干預,壓低美元匯價。


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1985

1984年12月
中國及英國簽訂《中英聯合聲明》,訂明中國在1997年7月1日恢復行使...


1984年12月
中國及英國簽訂《中英聯合聲明》,訂明中國在1997年7月1日恢復行使對香港的主權,並保證香港現行的社會與經濟制度,以及所有權利與自由在1997年起保持50年不變。


1984年12月
中國及英國簽訂《中英聯合聲明》,訂明中國在1997年7月1日恢復行使對香港的主權,並保證香港現行的社會與經濟制度,以及所有權利與自由在1997年起保持50年不變。

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1984
英國德拉魯集團在大埔設立印鈔廠。

   

1984

1983年9月
香港前途談判陷於僵局,港人信心急挫。其後英國談判代表確認不再堅持...

1983年9月
香港前途談判陷於僵局,港人信心急挫。其後英國談判代表確認不再堅持1997年後在香港管治,僵局才得以打破。

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1983年10月15日
聯繫匯率...
1983
港府接管恆隆銀行。


1983年10月15日
聯繫匯率
正值香港處於金融危機及政治不明朗時期,港府宣布將港元與美元在貨幣發行局安排下以每美元兌7.8港元匯率掛鈎。

1983
港府接管恆隆銀行。


1983年10月15日
聯繫匯率
正值香港處於金融危機及政治不明朗時期,港府宣布將港元與美元在貨幣發行局安排下以每美元兌7.8港元匯率掛鈎。

1983
港府接管恆隆銀行。

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1983

eng 中文

Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 

1982
China and Great Britain initiate talks on the future of Hong Kong.


1982
China and Great Britain initiate talks on the future of Hong Kong.


1982
China and Great Britain initiate talks on the future of Hong Kong.

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1982 - 1986
SERIES OF BANKING CRISES, triggered by the bursting of a property bubble and...

1982 - 1986
SERIES OF BANKING CRISES, triggered by the bursting of a property bubble and concerns about Hong Kong's future. Various banks suffer from problems.

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1982
Mexican debt crisis.

 

1982

 

1981
The three-tier banking system is introduced...

1981
The three-tier banking system is introduced:
· licensed banks
· licensed deposit-taking companies
· registered deposit-taking companies.

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1981

   

1980
Third World debt crisis.

 

1980

1979
The Mass Transit Railway begins operation.
1979
The largest reservoir...


1979
The Mass Transit Railway begins operation.

1979
The largest reservoir in Hong Kong, the High Island Reservoir, opens.


1979
The Mass Transit Railway begins operation.

1979
The largest reservoir in Hong Kong, the High Island Reservoir, opens.

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1979
The European Monetary System is created.

1979
Four Special Economic Zones, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Xiamen are established.

1979

 

1978
Following an explosion in money growth and credit supply, the Hong Kong dollar depreciates.


1978
Following an explosion in money growth and credit supply, the Hong Kong dollar depreciates.


1978
Following an explosion in money growth and credit supply, the Hong Kong dollar depreciates.

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1978 - 1980
SECOND OPEC OIL PRICE SHOCK
Oil prices double, leading to an increase in interest rates and...

1978 - 1980
SECOND OPEC OIL PRICE SHOCK
Oil prices double, leading to an increase in interest rates and pushing industrial countries into recession.

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1978
The Four Modernisations in China.

1978

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 

1982
中英兩國展開香港前途談判。


1982
中英兩國展開香港前途談判。


1982
中英兩國展開香港前途談判。

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1982 - 1986
一連串銀行危機,起因是地產泡沫爆破及受香港前途問題困擾。數間銀行出現問題。

1982
墨西哥債務危機。

 

1982

 

1981
首次引入三級銀行發牌制度,計為持牌銀行、持牌接受存款公司及註冊接受存款公司。

   

1981

   

1980
第三世界國家債務危機。

 

1980

1979
地下鐵路投入服務。
全港最大的水塘「萬宜水庫」落成。


1979
地下鐵路投入服務。

1979
全港最大的水塘「萬宜水庫」落成。


1979
地下鐵路投入服務。

1979
全港最大的水塘「萬宜水庫」落成。

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1979
歐洲貨幣體系成立。

1979
深圳、珠海、汕頭及廈門四個地方分別成為經濟特區。

1979

 

1978
由於貨幣及信用過度擴張,港元匯率逐漸下滑。


1978
由於貨幣及信用過度擴張,港元匯率逐漸下滑。


1978
由於貨幣及信用過度擴張,港元匯率逐漸下滑。

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1978 - 1980
第二次石油輸出國組織
油價衝擊
油價倍增引致利率飆升...

1978 - 1980
第二次石油輸出國組織油價衝擊
冋油價倍增引致利率飆升,工業國家步入衰退。

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1978
中國實行「四個現代化」。

1978

eng 中文

Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 

1974
Independent Commission Against Corruption established.

November 1974
The peg to the US dollar is removed. The Hong Kong dollar becomes a floating currency.

1974
EURODOLLAR MARKET CRISIS
The failure of the West German Herstatt...

1973
EURODOLLAR MARKET CRISIS
The failure of the West German Herstatt Bank precipitates an international financial crisis.

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1974

1973
Following rapid population growth, the Hong Kong New Towns Programme is initiated.


1973
Following rapid population growth, the Hong Kong New Towns Programme is initiated.


1973
Following rapid population growth, the Hong Kong New Towns Programme is initiated.

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February 1973
The official rate of the Hong Kong dollar is changed to...
March 1973
Hong Kong stock market ...

February 1973
US$1 = HK$5.085
The official rate of the Hong Kong dollar is changed to US$1 = HK$5.085.

March 1973
Hong Kong stock market crash. The Hang Seng Index drops from 1,774 to 150.

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1973 - 1974
ENERGY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS
1973
Collapse of the Bretton …


1973 - 1974
ENERGY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS
Arab oil-producing countries embargo oil shipments to the US, Europe and Japan.

1973
Breakdown of confidence in the US dollar leads to the collapse of the Bretton Woods system.


1973 - 1974
ENERGY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS
Arab oil-producing countries embargo oil shipments to the US, Europe and Japan.

1973
Breakdown of confidence in the US dollar leads to the collapse of the Bretton Woods system.

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1973

1972
Hong Kong's first cross harbour tunnel opens.


1972
Hong Kong's first cross harbour tunnel opens.


1972
Hong Kong's first cross harbour tunnel opens.

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July 1972
The Hong Kong dollar is pegged to the US dollar at HK$5.65 = US$1, with a ± 2.25%...

July 1972
US$1 = HK$5.65
The Hong Kong dollar is pegged to the US dollar at HK$5.65 = US$1, with a ±2.25% intervention band around a central rate.

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June 1972
STERLING CRISIS
Britain decides to float the pound. This leads to the effective collapse...

June 1972
STERLING CRISIS
Britain decides to float the pound. This leads to the effective collapse of the Sterling Area, under which many Commonwealth countries and jurisdictions had pegged their currencies to the pound and held their foreign exchange balances in sterling.

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1972
WATERGATE INCIDENT
An attempted bugging of the national headquarters of the US...

1972
WATERGATE INCIDENT
An attempted bugging of the national headquarters of the US Democratic Party leads eventually to the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974.

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1972

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 

1974
廉政公署成立。

1974年11月
取消港元與美元掛鈎,港元開始自由浮動。

1974
歐洲美元市場危機
西德赫斯特銀行倒閉,引發國際金融危機。

 

1974

1973
由於人口迅速膨脹,港府展開新市鎮計劃。


1973
由於人口迅速膨脹,港府展開新市鎮計劃。


1973
由於人口迅速膨脹,港府展開新市鎮計劃。

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1973年2月
港元官方匯率改為每美元...
1973年3月
香港股市崩潰...

1973年2月
US$1 = HK$5.085
港元官方匯率改為每美元兌5.085港元。

1973年3月
香港股市崩潰,恒生指數由1,774點暴跌至150點。

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1973 - 1974
能源及金融危機...
1973
《布雷頓森協定》崩潰...


1973 - 1974
能源及金融危機
阿拉伯產油國停止向美國、歐洲及日本輸出石油。

1973
市場對美元失去信心,導致《布雷頓森林協定》崩潰。


1973 - 1974
能源及金融危機
阿拉伯產油國停止向美國、歐洲及日本輸出石油。

1973
市場對美元失去信心,導致《布雷頓森林協定》崩潰。

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1973

1972
香港首條海底隧道通車。


1972
香港首條海底隧道通車。


1972
香港首條海底隧道通車。

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1972年7月
港元與美元掛鈎,匯率定為每美元兌5.65港元,干預上下限為核心匯率±2.25%。

1972年7月
US$1 = HK$5.65
港元與美元掛鈎,匯率定為每美元兌5.65港元,干預上下限為核心匯率±2.25%。

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1972年6月
英鎊危機
英國決定讓英鎊自由浮動。英鎊區內多個英聯邦...

1972年6月
英鎊危機
英國決定讓英鎊自由浮動。英鎊區內多個英聯邦國家及地區的貨幣與英鎊掛鈎,並以英鎊持有其外匯結餘,英鎊自由浮動引致英鎊區崩潰。

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1972
水門事件
美國民主黨總部被安裝偷聽器,事件最終引致總統...

1972
水門事件
美國民主黨總部被安裝偷聽器,事件最終引致總統尼克遜於1974年下台。

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1972

eng 中文

Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 

1971
Compulsory primary education introduced.


1971
Compulsory primary education introduced.


1971
Compulsory primary education introduced.

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1971 - 1981
Sir Philip Haddon-Cave, Financial Secretary, 1971-1981, and proponent of the philosophy of...


1971 - 1981
Sir Philip Haddon-Cave, Financial Secretary, 1971-1981, and proponent of the philosophy of positive non-interventionism.


1971 - 1981
Sir Philip Haddon-Cave, Financial Secretary, 1971-1981, and proponent of the philosophy of positive non-interventionism.

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1971

1970s
Hong Kong evolves from a manufacturing base into a diversified economy.


1970s
Hong Kong evolves from a manufacturing base into a diversified economy.


1970s
Hong Kong evolves from a manufacturing base into a diversified economy.

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1970

   

1969
The first Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) is installed in the US.

1969
First man on the moon.


1969
First man on the moon.


1969
First man on the moon.

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1969

1967
Wireless television is introduced into Hong Kong.
Demonstrations and terrorism in Hong Kong...


1967
Wireless television is introduced into Hong Kong.


1967
Demonstrations and terrorism in Hong Kong prompted by Cultural Revolution in China.


1967
Wireless television is introduced into Hong Kong.


1967
Demonstrations and terrorism in Hong Kong prompted by Cultural Revolution in China.

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November 1967
The Hong Kong dollar is repegged to the pound at a new rate...


November 1967
The Hong Kong dollar is repegged to the pound at a new rate (1 pound = HK$14.55) following the rapid depreciation of the pound.


November 1967
The Hong Kong dollar is repegged to the pound at a new rate (1 pound = HK$14.55) following the rapid depreciation of the pound.

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1967

     

1966 - 1976
Cultural Revolution in China.


1966 - 1976
Cultural Revolution in China.


1966 - 1976
Cultural Revolution in China.

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1966

1965
The Hong Kong Government selects the bauhinia as the city flower.


1965
The Hong Kong Government selects the bauhinia as the city flower.


1965
The Hong Kong Government selects the bauhinia as the city flower.

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1965
BANKING CRISIS originating in property and stock bubbles. Runs on a number of banks...


1965
BANKING CRISIS originating in property and stock bubbles. Runs on a number of banks. Ming Tak Bank and Canton Trust & Commercial Bank close down.


1965
BANKING CRISIS originating in property and stock bubbles. Runs on a number of banks. Ming Tak Bank and Canton Trust & Commercial Bank close down.

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1965

 

1964
The Banking Ordinance…
The Hong Kong Exchange Bankers' Association…

1964
The Banking Ordinance 1964 is enacted, and the first Commissioner of Banking is appointed.

1964
The Hong Kong Exchange Banks' Association establishes the Interest Rate Agreement, which prescribes the maximum rate of interest payable on certain deposits.

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1964

1963
Severe water shortages and water rationing.


1963
Severe water shortages and water rationing.


1963
Severe water shortages and water rationing.

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1963
Assassination of US President J. F. Kennedy.
1963 - 1975
Vietnam War.

1963

1962
Typhoon Wanda claims 130 lives and wrecks over 1,000 boats and ships.


1962
Typhoon Wanda claims 130 lives and wrecks over 1,000 boats and ships.


1962
Typhoon Wanda claims 130 lives and wrecks over 1,000 boats and ships.

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1962
Cuban Missile Crisis.

1962

     

1961
First man in space.

1961

 

1959 - 1964
Rapid expansion of banking and banking branches in Hong Kong. Bank deposits as a proportion...

1959 - 1964
Rapid expansion of banking and banking branches in Hong Kong. Bank deposits as a proportion of GDP increase from 41% to 70%.

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1959

1957
Wired television is introduced into Hong Kong.

     

1957

25 December 1953
SHEK KIP MEI SQUATTER FIRE
53,000 people are made homeless...


25 December 1953
SHEK KIP MEI SQUATTER FIRE
53,000 people are made homeless. The Hong Kong Government introduces resettlement areas.


25 December 1953
SHEK KIP MEI SQUATTER FIRE
53,000 people are made homeless. The Hong Kong Government introduces resettlement areas.

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1953

1950 - 1953
KOREAN WAR
The United Nations places an embargo on trade against China. Hong Kong's...


1950 - 1953
KOREAN WAR
The United Nations places an embargo on trade against China. Hong Kong's entrepôt trade is seriously disrupted with a decline in trade of 37% in 1951- 54. During the 1950s and 1960s Hong Kong's economy diversifies into manufacturing, as labour and capital flood into Hong Kong from the Mainland.


1950 - 1953
KOREAN WAR
The United Nations places an embargo on trade against China. Hong Kong's entrepôt trade is seriously disrupted with a decline in trade of 37% in 1951- 54. During the 1950s and 1960s Hong Kong's economy diversifies into manufacturing, as labour and capital flood into Hong Kong from the Mainland.

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1950
Diners Club issues the world's first credit card.

 

1950

     

October 1949
People's Republic of China established.


October 1949
People's Republic of China established.


October 1949
People's Republic of China established.

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1949

 

1948
Hong Kong's first Banking Ordinance is enacted, providing for rudimentary regulation of banks in Hong Kong.

   

1948

 

1946
The Hong Kong Government undertakes to honour duress notes (banknotes issued by the Japanese...

1946
The Hong Kong Government undertakes to honour duress notes (banknotes issued by the Japanese authorities during the war period without backing).

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1946
First fully electronic computer built.

1946

1945
Hong Kong's population falls from 1,600,000 to 600,000 by the end of the Japanese occupation. It rises...


1945
Hong Kong's population falls from 1,600,000 to 600,000 by the end of the Japanese occupation. It rises to one million in 1946.


1945
Hong Kong's population falls from 1,600,000 to 600,000 by the end of the Japanese occupation. It rises to one million in 1946.

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1945
World Bank established.


1945
World Bank established.


1945
World Bank established.

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1945
United Nations founded.


1945
United Nations founded.


1945
United Nations founded.

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1945

   

1944
The Bretton Woods agreement creates the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The IMF...

1944
The Bretton Woods agreement creates the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The IMF's aims include promoting exchange rate stability and providing financial assistance to members to overcome balance of payment difficulties.

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1944

December 1941 – August 1945
JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF HONG KONG
The local currency is ...


December 1941 – August 1945
JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF HONG KONG
The local currency is mostly replaced by Japanese military notes.


December 1941 – August 1945
JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF HONG KONG
The local currency is mostly replaced by Japanese military notes.

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1941
The Hong Kong Government issues 1-cent, 5-cent and 10-cent notes.


1941
The Hong Kong Government issues 1-cent, 5-cent and 10-cent notes.


1941
The Hong Kong Government issues 1-cent, 5-cent and 10-cent notes.

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1941

 

1939
Following the outbreak of war in Europe, the financial environment in Hong Kong becomes unstable.

 

1939 - 1945
Second World War.


1939 - 1945
Second World War.


1939 - 1945
Second World War.

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1939

1937
Hong Kong's population reaches 1 million.
September 1937...

1937
Hong Kong's population reaches 1 million.

September 1937
One of the most destructive typhoons in Hong Kong's history kills more than 10,000 people and creates a tidal wave 30 feet high.

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1937
Under the Currency Amendment Ordinance, the Government abrogates its obligation....

1937
Under the Currency Amendment Ordinance, the Government abrogates its obligation to redeem silver dollars at their face value.

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1937 - 1945
Japanese invasion of China.

1937

 

1935
CREATION OF HONG KONG'S EXCHANGE FUND
China abandons the silver standard and Hong Kong...


1935
CREATION OF HONG KONG'S EXCHANGE FUND
China abandons the silver standard and Hong Kong immediately follows suit. The Hong Kong Government declares the Hong Kong dollar as the local monetary unit, with an exchange value fixed at HK$16 to the pound. Banks are required to surrender to an Exchange Fund all silver bullion held by them against their banknote issues in exchange for certificates of indebtedness.


1935
CREATION OF HONG KONG'S EXCHANGE FUND
China abandons the silver standard and Hong Kong immediately follows suit. The Hong Kong Government declares the Hong Kong dollar as the local monetary unit, with an exchange value fixed at HK$16 to the pound. Banks are required to surrender to an Exchange Fund all silver bullion held by them against their banknote issues in exchange for certificates of indebtedness.

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1935

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 

1971
推行強制性小學教育。


1971
推行強制性小學教育。


1971
推行強制性小學教育。

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1971 - 1981
財政司夏鼎基爵士 — 積極不干預政策的倡導者。


1971 - 1981
財政司夏鼎基爵士 — 積極不干預政策的倡導者。


1971 - 1981
財政司夏鼎基爵士 — 積極不干預政策的倡導者。

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1971

20世紀70年代
香港經濟由製造業逐漸發展為多元化經濟模式。


20世紀70年代
香港經濟由製造業逐漸發展為多元化經濟模式。


20世紀70年代
香港經濟由製造業逐漸發展為多元化經濟模式。

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1970

   

1969
美國裝設全球首部自動櫃員機。

1969
人類首次登陸月球。


1969
人類首次登陸月球。


1969
人類首次登陸月球。

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1969

1967
無線電視啟播。
受內地的文化大革命...


1967
無線電視啟播。


1967
受內地的文化大革命影響,香港出現示威及恐怖活動。


1967
無線電視啟播。


1967
受內地的文化大革命影響,香港出現示威及恐怖活動。

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1967年11月
英鎊大幅貶值,港元與英鎊的匯率重新調整(每英鎊兌14.55港元)。


1967年11月
英鎊大幅貶值,港元與英鎊的匯率重新調整(每英鎊兌14.55港元)。


1967年11月
英鎊大幅貶值,港元與英鎊的匯率重新調整(每英鎊兌14.55港元)。

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1967

     

1966 - 1976
中國文化大革命。


1966 - 1976
中國文化大革命。


1966 - 1976
中國文化大革命。

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1966

1965
港府選定洋紫荊為香港市花。


1965
港府選定洋紫荊為香港市花。


1965
港府選定洋紫荊為香港市花。

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1965
銀行業危機
由股票及地產泡沫造成。數間銀行發生擠提...


1965
銀行業危機
由股票及地產泡沫造成。數間銀行發生擠提。明德銀號及廣東信託商業銀行停業。


1965
銀行業危機
由股票及地產泡沫造成。數間銀行發生擠提。明德銀號及廣東信託商業銀行停業。

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1965

 

1964
通過《1964年銀行業條例》,並委任首位銀行監理專員。香港外匯銀行公會...

1964
通過《1964年銀行業條例》,並委任首位銀行監理專員。

1964
香港外匯銀行公會制定《利率協議》,訂明香港某些類別存款的利率上限。

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1964

1963
嚴重水荒,當局實施制水。


1963
嚴重水荒,當局實施制水。


1963
嚴重水荒,當局實施制水。

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1963
美國總統甘迺迪遇刺身亡。
1963 - 1975
越南戰爭。

1963

1962
颱風溫黛襲港,導致130人傷亡,船隻損毀逾1,000艘。


1962
颱風溫黛襲港,導致130人傷亡,船隻損毀逾1,000艘。


1962
颱風溫黛襲港,導致130人傷亡,船隻損毀逾1,000艘。

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1962
古巴飛彈危機。

1962

     

1961
人類首次上太空。

1961

 

1959 - 1964
香港銀行業蓬勃發展。銀行存款由相當於本地生產總值的41%增至70%。

   

1959

1957
香港開辦有線電視 — 麗的映聲。
     

1957

1953年12月25日
石硤尾大火
53,000人無家可歸,港府推行徙置計劃。


石硤尾大火
53,000人無家可歸,港府推行徙置計劃。


石硤尾大火
53,000人無家可歸,港府推行徙置計劃。

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1953

1950 - 1953
韓戰時期
聯合國對中國實施貿易禁運,香港轉口貿易...


1950 - 1953
韓戰時期
聯合國對中國實施貿易禁運,香港轉口貿易大受打擊,貿易額在1951至1954年間減少37%。隨着內地勞動人口及資金在50及60年代流入香港,香港經濟逐漸朝向製造業的多元化發展。


1950 - 1953
韓戰時期
聯合國對中國實施貿易禁運,香港轉口貿易大受打擊,貿易額在1951至1954年間減少37%。隨着內地勞動人口及資金在50及60年代流入香港,香港經濟逐漸朝向製造業的多元化發展。

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1950
大來發行全球首張信用卡。
 

1950

     

1949年10月
中華人民共和國成立。


1949年10月
中華人民共和國成立。


1949年10月
中華人民共和國成立。

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1949

 
1948
港府首次頒布《銀行法》,規管本港銀行業務。
   

1948

 
1946
港府宣布承認戰時日軍政府強迫銀行職員簽署發行沒有儲備支持的迫簽紙幣。
 
1946
出現第一代全電子化的電腦。

1946

1945
日佔時期結束時,香港人口由160萬降至60萬,1946年回升至100萬。


1945
日佔時期結束時,香港人口由160萬降至60萬,1946年回升至100萬。


1945
日佔時期結束時,香港人口由160萬降至60萬,1946年回升至100萬。

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1945
世界銀行成立。


1945
世界銀行成立。

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1945
聯合國成立。


1945
聯合國成立。


1945
聯合國成立。

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1945

   

1944
國際貨幣基金組織根據《布雷頓森林協定》成立。基金組織負責促進匯率穩定...

1944
國際貨幣基金組織根據《布雷頓森林協定》成立。基金組織負責促進匯率穩定,並為成員提供財政協助,以克服國際收支平衡方面的困難。

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1944

1941年12月至1945年8月
日軍佔領香港
香港大部分貨幣由日本軍票取代。


1941年12月至1945年8月
日軍佔領香港
香港大部分貨幣由日本軍票取代。


1941年12月至1945年8月
日軍佔領香港
香港大部分貨幣由日本軍票取代。

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1941
港府發行1仙、5仙及1毫紙幣。


1941
港府發行1仙、5仙及1毫紙幣。


1941
港府發行1仙、5仙及1毫紙幣。

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1941

 
1939
歐洲爆發戰爭,香港金融市況不穩。
 

1939 - 1945
第二次世界大戰。


1939 - 1945
第二次世界大戰。


1939 - 1945
第二次世界大戰。

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1939

1937
香港人口突破100萬。
1937年9月
香港有記錄以來...

1937
香港人口突破100萬。

1937年9月
香港有記錄以來其中一個威力最強的颱風吹襲香港,捲起巨浪達30呎高,傷亡人數逾萬。

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1937
根據《貨幣修訂條例》,港府撤銷其按面值贖回銀元的責任。

1937
根據《貨幣修訂條例》,港府撤銷其按面值贖回銀元的責任。

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1937 - 1945
日軍侵華

1937

 

1935
香港設立外匯基金
中國脫離銀本位制,香港迅即跟隨,港府宣布港元...


1935
香港設立外匯基金
中國脫離銀本位制,香港迅即跟隨,港府宣布港元為本地貨幣單位;港元與英鎊匯率定為每鎊兌16港元。發鈔銀行須將其庫存的所有白銀交予外匯基金,換取負債證明書,方能發鈔。


1935
香港設立外匯基金
中國脫離銀本位制,香港迅即跟隨,港府宣布港元為本地貨幣單位;港元與英鎊匯率定為每鎊兌16港元。發鈔銀行須將其庫存的所有白銀交予外匯基金,換取負債證明書,方能發鈔。

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1935

eng 中文

Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 
   

1930
The Bank for International Settlements founded in Basel.

 

1930

   

1929
Wall Street Crash, followed by the Great Depression (1929 - 1930).


1929
Wall Street Crash, followed by the Great Depression (1929 - 1930).


1929
Wall Street Crash, followed by the Great Depression (1929 - 1930).

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1929

1928
Construction of Kai Tak Airport begins. Radio broadcasting begins in Hong Kong.


1928
Construction of Kai Tak Airport begins.

1928
Radio broadcasting begins in Hong Kong.


1928
Construction of Kai Tak Airport begins.

1928
Radio broadcasting begins in Hong Kong.

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1928

     

1926
Invention of the television.

1926

1925 - 1926
HONG KONG GENERAL
STRIKE and boycott, lasting 16 months and paralysing Hong Kong's economy.


1925 - 1926
HONG KONG GENERAL STRIKE and boycott, lasting 16 months and paralysing Hong Kong's economy.


1925 - 1926
HONG KONG GENERAL STRIKE and boycott, lasting 16 months and paralysing Hong Kong's economy.

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1925
The Hong Kong Government places restrictions on deposit withdrawals on nine Chinese banks...

The Hong Kong Government places restrictions on deposit withdrawals on nine Chinese banks after funds totalling HK$16 million are withdrawn from the banks.

   

1925

 

1917
The Bank of China opens a branch in Hong Kong.

 

1917
Russian Revolution.

1917

     

1914 -1918
First World War.

1914

1913
TRAM BOYCOTT
Hong Kong Tramways Limited refuses to accept Chinese coins. This...


1913
TRAM BOYCOTT
Hong Kong Tramways Limited refuses to accept Chinese coins. This prompts a mass boycott of the tram services. The boycott is settled in early 1914.


1913
TRAM BOYCOTT
Hong Kong Tramways Limited refuses to accept Chinese coins. This prompts a mass boycott of the tram services. The boycott is settled in early 1914.

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1913
US Federal Reserve System established.

 

1913

 

1912
The Hong Kong Government promulgates a law prohibiting the circulation of foreign currencies...

1912
The Hong Kong Government promulgates a law prohibiting the circulation of foreign currencies in Hong Kong, including 1-cent and 2-cent coins from China.

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1912
Founding of the Republic of China.


1912
Founding of the Republic of China.


1912
Founding of the Republic of China.

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1912

1910
The Kowloon-Canton Railway begins operation.

     

1910

     

1905
Albert Einstein unveils the Theory of Relativity.

1905

1904
Tram services are introduced between Kennedy Town and Causeway Bay.

     

1904

     

1900
Anti-foreign BOXER
REBELLION and suppression by an international force.


1900
Anti-foreign BOXER REBELLION and suppression by an international force.


1900
Anti-foreign BOXER REBELLION and suppression by an international force.

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1900

1898
China leases the New
Territories to Britain for 99 years.


1898
China leases the New Territories to Britain for 99 years.


1898
China leases the New Territories to Britain for 99 years.

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1898

 

1897
The Hong Kong Exchange Banks' Association (the predecessor of the Hong Kong Association...

1897
The Hong Kong Exchange Banks' Association (the predecessor of the Hong Kong Association of Banks) is founded.

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1897

 

March 1895
The Hong Kong Government limits the legal tender to the Mexican dollar, the British trade dollar...

March 1895
The Hong Kong Government limits the legal tender to the Mexican dollar, the British trade dollar and the Hong Kong dollar.

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1895

1894
BUBONIC PLAGUE BREAKS OUT IN HONG KONG
Outbreaks continue almost annually for another ten...


1894
BUBONIC PLAGUE BREAKS OUT IN HONG KONG
Outbreaks continue almost annually for another ten years, resulting in the deaths of more than 2,000 people.


1894
BUBONIC PLAGUE BREAKS OUT IN HONG KONG
Outbreaks continue almost annually for another ten years, resulting in the deaths of more than 2,000 people.

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1894

 

1891
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange opens.

   

1891

1888
Opening of the Hong Kong and Kowloon Ferry Company (later renamed the Star Ferry) and the Peak Tram.


1888
Opening of the Hong Kong and Kowloon Ferry Company (later renamed the Star Ferry) and the Peak Tram.


1888
Opening of the Hong Kong and Kowloon Ferry Company (later renamed the Star Ferry) and the Peak Tram.

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1888

 

1884
The Oriental Bank
Corporation, one of the main note-issuers, is wound up following the failure...

1884
The Oriental Bank Corporation, one of the main note-issuers, is wound up following the failure of the coffee crop, against which it had lent heavily, in Ceylon.

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1884

1883
Opening of the Observatory at Hong Kong.


1883
Opening of the Observatory at Hong Kong.


1883
Opening of the Observatory at Hong Kong.

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1883

   

1873
FINANCIAL CRISIS in...
The value of gold against silver starts to rise as...

1873
FINANCIAL CRISIS in Germany, Austria, Britain and the United States.

1873
The value of gold against silver starts to rise as several European countries switch to the gold standard and sell off their silver holdings. From now on there is growing volatility in the gold/silver exchange rate, which has an impact on Hong Kong's financial stability and public finances.

1873
FINANCIAL CRISIS in Germany, Austria, Britain and the United States.

1873
The value of gold against silver starts to rise as several European countries switch to the gold standard and sell off their silver holdings. From now on there is growing volatility in the gold/silver exchange rate, which has an impact on Hong Kong's financial stability and public finances.

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1873

1869-1871
New cable links from Hong Kong to Shanghai and Saigon enable telegraph communication...


1869-1871
New cable links from Hong Kong to Shanghai and Saigon enable telegraph communication with Europe in a matter of hours.

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1869

1866
THE HONG KONG MINT opens at Causeway Bay. It closes down in 1868 because of financial difficulties.


1866
THE HONG KONG MINT opens at Causeway Bay. It closes down in 1868 because of financial difficulties.


1866
THE HONG KONG MINT opens at Causeway Bay. It closes down in 1868 because of financial difficulties.

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1866
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN HONG KONG
5-cent, 20-cent, 50-cent ...


The Hong Kong branch of the Agra and United Service Bank: one of the banks that fails in 1866.

1866
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN HONG KONG
Six out of the 11 banks operating in Hong Kong (including two note-issuing banks) collapse following the financial crisis originating in Britain.


1866
5-cent, 20-cent, 50-cent and 1 dollar coins are introduced.


The Hong Kong branch of the Agra and United Service Bank: one of the banks that fails in 1866.

1866
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN HONG KONG
Six out of the 11 banks operating in Hong Kong (including two note-issuing banks) collapse following the financial crisis originating in Britain.


1866
5-cent, 20-cent, 50-cent and 1 dollar coins are introduced.

1866
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN BRITAIN
Following the collapse of Overend Gurney & Company... .


1866
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN BRITAIN
Following the collapse of Overend Gurney & Company, one of the largest discount houses, because of bad asset management. The financial crisis spreads across Europe and the world.

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1866

 

1865
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation is founded and incorporated by ordinance in Hong Kong...


1865
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation is founded and incorporated by ordinance in Hong Kong. The bank becomes a note- issuing bank.


1865
The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation is founded and incorporated by ordinance in Hong Kong. The bank becomes a note- issuing bank.

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1865

 

1864
The first Hong Kong coins are issued (1 mil, 1 cent and 10 cents).


1864
The first Hong Kong coins are issued (1 mil, 1 cent and 10 cents).


1864
The first Hong Kong coins are issued (1 mil, 1 cent and 10 cents).

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1864

1863
Opening of the Pok Fu Lam Reservoir, Hong Kong's first reservoir.

1863
The Hong Kong Government declares silver dollars to be the legal tender.

   

1863

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 
   

1930
國際結算銀行在巴塞爾成立。

 

1930

   

1929
「華爾街崩潰」,「大蕭條」(1929-1930) 接踵而至。


1929
「華爾街崩潰」,「大蕭條」(1929-1930) 接踵而至。


1929
「華爾街崩潰」,「大蕭條」(1929-1930) 接踵而至。

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1929

1928
興建啟德機場。
香港電台啟播。


1928
興建啟德機場。

1928
香港電台啟播。


1928
興建啟德機場。

1928
香港電台啟播。

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1928

     

1926
發明電視機。

1926

1925 - 1926
省港大罷工
事件擾攘16個月,令香港經濟陷於癱瘓。


1925 - 1926
省港大罷工
事件擾攘16個月,令香港經濟陷於癱瘓。


1925 - 1926
省港大罷工
事件擾攘16個月,令香港經濟陷於癱瘓。

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1925
由於約1,600萬港元存款從9間中資銀行撤走,港府對這些銀行實施提款限制。

   

1925

 

1917
中國銀行在香港開設分行。

 

1917
俄國革命。

1917

     

1914 -1918
第一次世界大戰。

1914

1913
香港電車公司拒收中國內地的硬幣作為車資,市民群起杯葛電車服務...


1913
香港電車公司拒收中國內地的硬幣作為車資,市民群起杯葛電車服務,事件至1914年初平息。


1913
香港電車公司拒收中國內地的硬幣作為車資,市民群起杯葛電車服務,事件至1914年初平息。

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1913
美國聯邦儲備制度成立。

 

1913

 

1912
港府通過新法例,禁止外幣在香港流通,中國內地的1仙及2仙硬幣也屬受禁之列。

 

1912
中華民國成立。


1912
中華民國成立。


1912
中華民國成立。

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1912

1910
九廣鐵路投入服務。

     

1910

     

1905
愛因斯坦發表相對論。

1905

1904
電車投入服務,早期路線由
堅尼地城至銅鑼灣。

     

1904

     

1900
中國發生反西方的義和團事件,八國聯軍鎮壓。


1900
中國發生反西方的義和團事件,八國聯軍鎮壓。


1900
中國發生反西方的義和團事件,八國聯軍鎮壓。

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1900

1898
中國將新界租借予英國,為期99年。


1898
中國將新界租借予英國,為期99年。


1898
中國將新界租借予英國,為期99年。

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1898

 

1897
香港外匯銀行公會 (香港銀行
公會前身) 成立。

   

1897

 

1895年3月
港府將法定貨幣限定為墨西哥銀元、英國貿易銀元及香港銀元。

   

1895

1894
香港爆發鼠疫,其後10年疫症幾乎每年均重臨,死亡人數超過 2,000人。


1894
香港爆發鼠疫,其後10年疫症幾乎每年均重臨,死亡人數超過 2,000人。


1894
香港爆發鼠疫,其後10年疫症幾乎每年均重臨,死亡人數超過 2,000人。

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1894

 

1891
首家證券交易所 — 香港經紀
總會 — 成立。

   

1891

1888
香港九龍渡海小輪公司(即現時天星小輪)及山頂纜車開始提供服務。


1888
香港九龍渡海小輪公司(即現時天星小輪)及山頂纜車開始提供服務。


1888
香港九龍渡海小輪公司(即現時天星小輪)及山頂纜車開始提供服務。

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1888

 

1884
東藩匯理銀行 (為其中一間主要發鈔銀行) 對錫蘭咖啡種植大量借貸...

1884
東藩匯理銀行(為其中一間主要發鈔銀行)向錫蘭咖啡種植行業大量貸款,後因咖啡失收導致財政困難而倒閉。

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1884

1883
香港天文台成立。


1883
香港天文台成立。


1883
香港天文台成立。

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1883

   

1873
德國、奧地利、英國... 歐洲多國改行金本位制...

1873
德國、奧地利、英國及美國爆發金融危機。

1873
歐洲多國改行金本位制,出售所持白銀,導致銀價下跌,黃金兌白銀匯價開始上升。自此,黃金兌白銀的價格開始大幅波動,影響香港的金融穩定及公共財政狀況。

1873
德國、奧地利、英國及美國爆發金融危機。

1873
歐洲多國改行金本位制,出售所持白銀,導致銀價下跌,黃金兌白銀匯價開始上升。自此,黃金兌白銀的價格開始大幅波動,影響香港的金融穩定及公共財政狀況。

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1873

1869 - 1871
連接香港至上海及西貢的海底電纜啟用,使與歐洲的電報聯繫時間僅為數小時。

     

1869

1866
香港鑄幣廠在銅鑼灣啟用,但於1868年因財政問題結業。


1866
香港鑄幣廠在銅鑼灣啟用,但於1868年因財政問題結業。


1866
香港鑄幣廠在銅鑼灣啟用,但於1868年因財政問題結業。

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1866
香港金融危機...
推出首批5仙、2毫、5毫...


呵加喇匯理銀行香港分行於1866年倒閉。

1866
香港金融危機
受到源自英國的金融危機影響,在香港開業的11間銀行中有6間 (包括兩間發鈔銀行) 倒閉。


1866
推出首批5仙、2毫、5毫及1元硬幣。


呵加喇匯理銀行香港分行於1866年倒閉。

1866
香港金融危機
受到源自英國的金融危機影響,在香港開業的11間銀行中有6間 (包括兩間發鈔銀行) 倒閉。


1866
推出首批5仙、2毫、5毫及1元硬幣。

1866
英國一所大規模的貼現行
Overend Gurney & Company 因資產管理不善而倒閉...


1866
英國一所大規模的貼現行 Overend Gurney & Company 因資產管理不善而倒閉,引發英國金融危機。這場金融危機擴散至歐洲及全球。

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1866

 

1865
「香港上海滙理銀行」根據一條特別的香港條例註冊成立,並成為一間發鈔銀行。


1865
「香港上海滙理銀行」根據一條特別的香港條例註冊成立,並成為一間發鈔銀行。


1865
「香港上海滙理銀行」根據一條特別的香港條例註冊成立,並成為一間發鈔銀行。

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1865

 

1864
香港發行首批硬幣
(1文、1仙及1毫)。


1864
香港發行首批硬幣(1文、1仙及1毫)。


1864
香港發行首批硬幣(1文、1仙及1毫)。

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1864

1863
香港首個水塘「薄扶林水塘」啟用。

1863
港府宣布銀元為法定貨幣。

   

1863

eng 中文

Hong Kong

Hong Kong: Money and Banking

World Financial Events

China and the World

 

1862
Hong Kong's first postage stamps issued.


1862
Hong Kong's first postage stamps issued.


1862
Hong Kong's first postage stamps issued.

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1862

1860
CONVENTION OF PEKING
China cedes the Kowloon Peninsula to Britain.

1860

1859
Hong Kong's third note- issuing bank, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China...


1859
Hong Kong's third note- issuing bank, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China opens a branch in Hong Kong.


1859
Hong Kong's third note- issuing bank, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China opens a branch in Hong Kong.

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1859

   

1858
TREATY OF TIENTSIN
More Chinese ports are opened. The opium trade is legalised.

1858

 

1857
Hong Kong's second note- issuing bank, the Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and China...


1857
Hong Kong's second note- issuing bank, the Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and China, opens a branch in Hong Kong.


1857
Hong Kong's second note- issuing bank, the Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and China, opens a branch in Hong Kong.

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1857
World financial crisis originating in the failure of a trust company in New York.

1857

 

1856 - 1858
SECOND OPIUM WAR
Britain and France invade China. Civil unrest and terrorism in Hong Kong.

1856

     

1850 - 1864
TAIPING REBELLION affecting 17 Chinese provinces and resulting in the deaths...

1850 - 1864
TAIPING REBELLION
affecting 17 Chinese provinces and resulting in the deaths of 20 million people. Refugees, merchants and capital flood into Hong Kong.

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1850

 

1845
Hong Kong's first note- issuing bank, the Oriental Bank Corporation, opens a branch in Hong Kong.


1845
Hong Kong's first note-issuing bank, the Oriental Bank Corporation, opens a branch in Hong Kong.


1845
Hong Kong's first note-issuing bank, the Oriental Bank Corporation, opens a branch in Hong Kong.

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1845

August 1842
TREATY OF NANKING
Hong Kong Island becomes a colony of Great Britain. Shanghai, Guangzhou,...


August 1842
TREATY OF NANKING Hong Kong Island becomes a colony of Great Britain. Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xiamen, Fuzhou and Ningbo are opened to British trade (and subsequently to trade with other countries).


August 1842
TREATY OF NANKING
Hong Kong Island becomes a colony of Great Britain. Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xiamen, Fuzhou and Ningbo are opened to British trade (and subsequently to trade with other countries).

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March 1842
Spanish, Mexican and other silver dollars, the Indian rupee and Chinese cash are proclaimed legal tender...


March 1842
Spanish, Mexican and other silver dollars, the Indian rupee and Chinese cash are proclaimed legal tender in Hong Kong. During the early years of the colony the Government also tries to promote the use of sterling.


March 1842
Spanish, Mexican and other silver dollars, the Indian rupee and Chinese cash are proclaimed legal tender in Hong Kong. During the early years of the colony the Government also tries to promote the use of sterling.

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1842

January 1841
The British occupy Hong Kong.

before 1842
The Hong Kong region is administered by the Qing Government...


before1842
The Hong Kong region is administered by the Qing Government. China's bimetallic monetary system operates on two levels: copper, bronze and iron cash are used for the smaller day-to-day transactions; uncoined silver ingots are used for larger business transactions, paying taxes, and storing wealth. In addition, Spanish and Mexican silver dollars are in circulation for international trade.


before1842
The Hong Kong region is administered by the Qing Government. China's bimetallic monetary system operates on two levels: copper, bronze and iron cash are used for the smaller day-to-day transactions; uncoined silver ingots are used for larger business transactions, paying taxes, and storing wealth. In addition, Spanish and Mexican silver dollars are in circulation for international trade.

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1839 - 1842
FIRST OPIUM WAR
British troops invade China following attempts by the Chinese Government...


1839 - 1842
FIRST OPIUM WAR
British troops invade China following attempts by the Chinese Government to suppress the opium trade.


1839 - 1842
FIRST OPIUM WAR
British troops invade China following attempts by the Chinese Government to suppress the opium trade.

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before1842

香港

香港貨幣及銀行業發展

世界金融大事

中國及世界

 

1862
香港發行第一套郵票。


1862
香港發行第一套郵票。


1862
香港發行第一套郵票。

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1862

1860
《北京條約》
中國把九龍半島割讓給英國。

1860

1859
香港第三間發鈔銀行「印度新金山中國匯理銀行」(即渣打銀行) 在香港...


1859
香港第三間發鈔銀行「印度新金山中國匯理銀行」(即渣打銀行) 在香港開設分行。


1859
香港第三間發鈔銀行「印度新金山中國匯理銀行」(即渣打銀行) 在香港開設分行。

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1859

   

1858
《天津條約》
中國開放更多港口,鴉片貿易合法化。

1858

 

1857
香港第二間發鈔銀行「印度倫頓中國三處匯理銀行」(即香港有利銀行) 在香港...


1857
香港第二間發鈔銀行「印度倫頓中國三處匯理銀行」(即香港有利銀行) 在香港開設分行。


1857
香港第二間發鈔銀行「印度倫頓中國三處匯理銀行」(即香港有利銀行) 在香港開設分行。

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1857
紐約一間信託公司倒閉,觸發全球金融危機。

1857

 

1856 - 1858
第二次鴉片戰爭
英法侵華,香港社會動盪不
安。

1856

     

1850 - 1864
太平天國起義影響遍及全國17個省份,死者達2,000萬人...

1850 - 1864
太平天國起義影響遍及全國17個省份,死者達2,000萬人,大量難民及商人挾資逃到香港。

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1850

 

1845
香港第一間發鈔銀行「東藩匯理銀行」在香港開設分行。


1845
香港第一間發鈔銀行「東藩匯理銀行」在香港開設分行。


1845
香港第一間發鈔銀行「東藩匯理銀行」在香港開設分行。

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1845

1842年8月
《南京條約》
香港島給割讓為英國殖民地。上海、廣州、廈門、福州及寧波...


1842年8月
《南京條約》
香港島給割讓為英國殖民地。上海、廣州、廈門、福州及寧波開放與英國(其後更擴展至其他國家)通商。


1842年8月
《南京條約》
香港島給割讓為英國殖民地。上海、廣州、廈門、福州及寧波開放與英國(其後更擴展至其他國家)通商。

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1842年3月
港府宣布西班牙銀洋、墨西哥鷹洋、其他國家的銀元印度、盧比...


1842年3月
港府宣布西班牙銀洋、墨西哥鷹洋、其他國家的銀元、印度盧比及中國銅錢為香港的法定貨幣。香港早期的殖民地政府也曾試圖推廣英鎊。


1842年3月
港府宣布西班牙銀洋、墨西哥鷹洋、其他國家的銀元、印度盧比及中國銅錢為香港的法定貨幣。香港早期的殖民地政府也曾試圖推廣英鎊。

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1842

1841年1月
英軍佔領香港。

1842年以前
香港由滿清政府統治。當時中國的複本位貨幣制度分兩個層面實施...


1842年以前
香港由滿清政府統治。當時中國的複本位貨幣制度分兩個層面實施:紅銅、青銅及鐵鑄錢幣用於日常的小額交易;銀錠則用於大額商業交易、繳稅及儲存財富。此外,西班牙和墨西哥的銀元也成為國際貿易活動的主要交易媒介。


1842年以前
香港由滿清政府統治。當時中國的複本位貨幣制度分兩個層面實施:紅銅、青銅及鐵鑄錢幣用於日常的小額交易;銀錠則用於大額商業交易、繳稅及儲存財富。此外,西班牙和墨西哥的銀元也成為國際貿易活動的主要交易媒介。

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1839 - 1842
第一次鴉片戰爭
中國政府盡力遏止鴉片貿易,英國揮軍入侵中國。


1839 - 1842
第一次鴉片戰爭
中國政府盡力遏止鴉片貿易,英國揮軍入侵中國。


1839 - 1842
第一次鴉片戰爭
中國政府盡力遏止鴉片貿易,英國揮軍入侵中國。

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1842年之前

Explanation of WCAG 2.0 Level Double-A Conformance